Taira


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Related to Taira: Yoritomo
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Taira

 

a powerful feudal family in Japan, prominent from the tenth through the 12th century, with landholdings primarily in the southwestern part of the island of Honshu. The Taira carried on an internecine struggle with a group of eastern feudal lords, headed by the Minamoto family, that had close ties with the imperial court. By the mid-12th century, these aristocratic clans, especially the Fujiwara, had lost much of their power and influence. Taking advantage of this development, Taira Kiyomori, the head of the family, in 1156 occupied the capital of Japan, Kyoto, thus becoming the de facto ruler of most of the country. In 1180, however, the Minamoto, supported by the Hojo family, entered the last stage of the struggle and in 1185 decisively defeated the Taira in a sea battle at Dannoura. Authority over the country thereupon passed to Minamoto Yoritomo, who in 1192 founded a shogunate.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Initially, even though Taira had the intent, yet no funds; her parents buttressed her initiative.
In its opinion, the court notes that BP is liable for damages under [section] 2702(b)(2)(E) "if, inter alia, the claimant's damages 'result from such incident,' i.e., the discharge or threatened discharge of oil," (236) which is a direct quotation from Taira Lynn.
When not at the office, Taira fills her spare time attending numerous events, such as children's party's with her son, fashion shows, trunk shows, theatre, concerts and restaurants.
Taira is a student of Government Middle School in the Fakir Dara area, barely 1.5 km from the Line of Control ( LoC) in Poonch.
The Azzurri looked on their way to an easy win when Pratichetti and Gori crossed the whitewash in the opening 12 minutes, but the visitors hit back through tries from Usuzuki and Taira and some faultless kicking from James Arlidge.
But, when I saw it swimming away into the ocean, I felt glad," Taira said.
However, on Sunday they stood deprived of such programmes as the musical segment "Taira Haira Awazoona" (forgotten voices), "Palwashay" (programme having humour in it), weekly programmes for children in Urdu and Pushto titled "Shaheen" and "Batoor" and, above all, the hourly news bulletins that provide listeners with the much-needed updates.
In return, the carrier's president Frank Taira Supit made a series of money transfers into her account.
Morita, 59, an actor and former House of Representatives member from the ruling Liberal Democratic Party, garnered 1,015,978 votes compared to 636,991 for Taira Yoshida, 49, the DPJ-recommended candidate.
npower volunteers Yasser Waseem, Dionne Stack and Taira Shabir join Catherine Pendlebury of England Athletics at the 2008 Disability Indoor Athletics
The amaurobiid genus Taira Lehtinen 1967, with the type species T.
Run by Kumamoto Artpolis (also responsible for the realisation of Taira Nishiizawa's Tomochi Forestry Hall, a winner of AR Awards 2005), with Toyo Ito as judge, the competition was for entrants under the age of 35.