Taiyetos

Taiyetos

 

(Taygetus), a mountain range in Greece, in the southern Peloponnesus. Approximately 75 km long, with a maximum elevation of 2,404 m (Mount Ay ios Ilias [Hagios Elias]), the Taiyetos is composed primarily of limestones and schists. It has serrate summits, slopes that are steep and mostly faulted, and a karst topography. The lower sections of the slopes are overgrown with frigana (xerophytic shrub and semishrub vegetation) and maquis; the upper sections are covered with forests of chestnut, oak, and fir and with gentle mountain meadows. At the highest elevations, the slopes are shrouded by snow several months a year. Situated in the eastern foothills of the Taiyetos is the city of Sparta, in antiquity an important city-state.

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