Taj Mahal


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Taj Mahal

(täzh məhäl`, täj məhŭl`), mausoleum, Agra, Uttar Pradesh state, N India, on the Yamuna River. It is considered one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and the finest example of the late style of Indian Islamic architecture. The Mughal emperor Shah JahanShah Jahan
or Shah Jehan
, 1592–1666, Mughal emperor of India (1628–58), son and successor of Jahangir. His full name was Khurram Shihab-ud-din Muhammad. He rebelled against his father in 1622 but was pardoned and succeeded to the throne in 1628.
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 ordered it built after the death (1631) of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The building, which was completed between 1632 and 1638, was designed by the local Muslim architect Ustad Ahmad Lahori; set in its carefully laid out grounds, it is a reflection of the gardens of Paradise to which the faithful ascend. The entire complex, with gardens, gateway structures, and mosque, was completed in 1648.

The Taj Mahal mausoleum stands at one end of the garden adorned with fountains and marble pavements. The garden contains four water channels to echo the four rivers of the Islamic Paradise. It rises from a platform 313 ft (95 m) on a side, bearing a white marble minaret at each corner; the enclosure, 186 ft (57 m) on a side, has truncated corners and a high portal on each side. The white marble exterior is inlaid with semiprecious stones arranged in Arabic inscriptions (designed by a local artist Amanat Khan, who was Shah Jahan's calligrapher), floral designs, and arabesques, and the salient features of the interior are accented with agate, jasper, and colored marbles. The roofing dome, on the inside, is 80 ft (24.4m) high and 50 ft (15.2 m) in diameter; outside it forms a bulb, which tapers to a spire topped by a crescent. The tomb chamber, with its two sarcophagi, is an octagonal room in the center of the edifice (the royal couple, however, are buried in an underground vault). The chamber is softly illuminated by the light that passes through double screens of intricately carved marble set high in the walls.

Taj Mahal

 

an outstanding monument of Indian architecture from the Great Mogul period; situated on the Jumna River, near Agra. The Taj Mahal was built by Shah Jahan from about 1630 to 1652 as a mausoleum for his wife (the Shah himself is also buried there). One of the architects of the Taj Mahal was probably Ustad Isa. The five-domed building is approximately 74 m high at its pinnacle, with a minaret at each of the four corners. The walls are covered with polished white marble, decorated with inlaid semiprecious stones. A garden adjoins the Taj Mahal.

REFERENCE

Chaghtai, M. A. Le Tadj Mahal d’Agra. Brussels, 1938.

Taj Mahal

fabulous tomb built by Shah Jahan for wife. [Ind. Hist.: Wallechinsky, 317]

Taj Mahal

fabulous tomb of Shah Jahan’s wife. [Indian Hist.: Wallechinsky, 317]

Taj Mahal

a white marble mausoleum in central India, in Agra on the Jumna River: built (1632--43) by the emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal; regarded as the finest example of Mogul architecture
References in periodicals archive ?
Agra (Uttar Pradesh) [India], Mar 5 ( ANI ): Uttar Pradesh Police on Monday detained two tourists, including a foreign national for allegedly flying a drone camera near the Taj Mahal.
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We need to preserve the Taj Mahal for the generations to come.
The Taj Mahal has undergone multiple periods of hardships during its lifetime.
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The Taj Mahal was built as a tribute to Mumtaz Mahal and as a testimony of their "love story.
The full title of Shah Jahan, the Mughal king who made the Taj Mahal, was: "Shahanshah Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram, Malik-ul-Sultanat, Ala Hazrat Abu'l-Muzaffar Shahab ud-din Muhammad Shah Jahan I, Sahib-i-Qiran-i-Sani, Padshah Ghazi Zillu'llah, Firdaus-Ashiyani, Shahanshah-e-Sultanant Ul Hindiya Wal Mughaliya".
The Taj Mahal was built by Shah Jahan as tomb to show his love for his wife Mumtaz Mahal and is considered as one of the wonders of the world and is a magnificent symbol of enduring love.
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Tenders are invited for Re-grassing of Lawn at Taj Mahal Complex garden, Taj Mahal, Agra for the year 2017-18 EMD value : INR 33851 Document Purchase Start date : 12 Dec 2017 Document Purchase End date : 28 Dec 2017 Opening date : 29 Dec 2017 Period of contract : 180 days
Lahore -- A senior functionary of the history wing of RSS wants namaz to be banned at Taj Mahal and if not then Shiva prayers to be allowed inside the complex as well, reported Indian newspaper.
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