Taxila

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Taxila

(tăk`sĭlŭ), archaeological site of three successive cities, near Rawalpindi, Pakistan. There between the 7th cent. B.C. and the 7th cent. A.D. was a flourishing city, famous as an ancient seat of learning. It was occupied (326 B.C.) by Alexander the Great, became prosperous under the empire of Aśoka, and was overrun (c.1st–2d cent. A.D.) by the Kushans. It was a center of Buddhist studies and was visited in the 7th cent. by Hsüan-tsangHsüan-tsang
, 605?–664, Chinese Buddhist scholar and translator. He early entered monastic life and later traveled in China, teaching and studying. Between 629 and 645 he made a pilgrimage to India in search of authentic scriptures.
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. There are remains of Buddhist stupas and monasteries as well as sculpture of the Gandharan school of art.

Taxila

 

in ancient times, a city located in the northwestern part of the Hindustan Peninsula, 35 km from the present-day city of Rawalpindi in Pakistan. Taxila was at first the capital of the Gan-dhara state; in the third and second centuries B.C., it was the administrative center of the northwestern part of the Mauryan empire. The oldest archaeological layer of Taxila dates from the sixth century B.C.

Taxila was a major trading and crafts center and a crossroad of Indian, Hellenic, Iranian, and Middle Asian cultures. It was also a center of ancient Indian science and education. In the second half of the fifth century, Taxila was severely damaged by Hephthalite invasions; during the seventh century it was gradually abandoned by its inhabitants. Excavations begun in 1913 have made it possible to trace the city’s uninterrupted history for more than a thousand years. These excavations have yielded valuable materials for the study of numerous aspects of ancient Indian life.

REFERENCES

Il’in, G. F. Drevnii indiiskii gorod Taksila. Moscow, 1958.
Marshall, J. Taxila, vols. 1–3. Cambridge, England, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chanakya's epic treatise on statecraft, Arthashastra, was composed some 2300 years ago, and very evidently incorporates the Takshashila (modern Taxila) traditions of military science going back to the pre-Buddha era, that is before the sixth century BC.
Pranay Kotasthane, from the Bangalore-based Takshashila Institution think tank, said that managing and growing partnerships had been one of the "rare foreign policy successes" of the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government under Modi's leadership.
to 1200 A.D, till institutions like Takshashila, Nalanda, Vikramshila were destroyed, India was leading in the field of higher education," the former president said.
This will be driven by two missions -- Mission Nalanda and Mission Takshashila.
Police have charged three owners of the tuition centre at the Takshashila Arcade with culpable homicide not amounting to murder, and attempted culpable homicide.
Initial investigations showed the fire, which broke out in the stairway of the multi-storey Takshashila Arcade building, was caused by a short circuit, according to local media reports.
The Takshashila Complex caught fire and several students of a coaching centre situated in it were seen jumping off the building to escape the inferno.
Television footage broadcast on Friday by local media showed people jumping off the top floor of the Takshashila building or trying to escape by climbing down, as thick smoke billowed out.
Simultaneously, police have arrested Bhargav Butani, who ran the art and drawing classes in Takshashila Arcade building in Surat's Sarthana area, Police Commissioner Satish Sharma said.
Buddhism coupled lecturing and training at spots, for example, Takshashila, Vikramshila and Nalanda.