Taxila

(redirected from Takshila)

Taxila

(tăk`sĭlŭ), archaeological site of three successive cities, near Rawalpindi, Pakistan. There between the 7th cent. B.C. and the 7th cent. A.D. was a flourishing city, famous as an ancient seat of learning. It was occupied (326 B.C.) by Alexander the Great, became prosperous under the empire of Aśoka, and was overrun (c.1st–2d cent. A.D.) by the Kushans. It was a center of Buddhist studies and was visited in the 7th cent. by Hsüan-tsangHsüan-tsang
, 605?–664, Chinese Buddhist scholar and translator. He early entered monastic life and later traveled in China, teaching and studying. Between 629 and 645 he made a pilgrimage to India in search of authentic scriptures.
..... Click the link for more information.
. There are remains of Buddhist stupas and monasteries as well as sculpture of the Gandharan school of art.

Taxila

 

in ancient times, a city located in the northwestern part of the Hindustan Peninsula, 35 km from the present-day city of Rawalpindi in Pakistan. Taxila was at first the capital of the Gan-dhara state; in the third and second centuries B.C., it was the administrative center of the northwestern part of the Mauryan empire. The oldest archaeological layer of Taxila dates from the sixth century B.C.

Taxila was a major trading and crafts center and a crossroad of Indian, Hellenic, Iranian, and Middle Asian cultures. It was also a center of ancient Indian science and education. In the second half of the fifth century, Taxila was severely damaged by Hephthalite invasions; during the seventh century it was gradually abandoned by its inhabitants. Excavations begun in 1913 have made it possible to trace the city’s uninterrupted history for more than a thousand years. These excavations have yielded valuable materials for the study of numerous aspects of ancient Indian life.

REFERENCES

Il’in, G. F. Drevnii indiiskii gorod Taksila. Moscow, 1958.
Marshall, J. Taxila, vols. 1–3. Cambridge, England, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Pakistan Embassy in collaboration with the Center for Advanced Studies in South Asia (CASSA) organized a seminar on the topic 'Lumbini and Takshila: Conceptualizing the Concept' on Monday.
This was Takshila or Taxila as we know it during our time.
He lists the universities that attracted thousands: Takshila, Nalanda, Vikramshila, Valabhi, Somapura, Odantapuri...
These relics are part of a collection from Taxila (Takshila) excavation in Pakistan, which is kept at one of the most important archaeological sites in Asia, the Taxila Museum.
These holy relics are part of collection from Taxila (Takshila) excavation in Pakistan, which is kept at one of the most important archaeological sites in Asia, the Taxila Museum.
She pleaded for working for opening Sharda Peth, the ancient seat of learning across LoC and developing it like Nalanda and Takshila.
"In the history of thousands of years universities like Nalanda and Takshila acted like magnets to attract intellectuals from all over the world.
The world's first University came in 700 BC in Takshila. It is reported that over 10,000 students from all over the world studied more than sixty subjects in this University.
Urging students to take up Sanskrit, the V- C said the current education system should try and reinstate the great tradition of Nalanda and Takshila.
(1) School of Pharmacy, Devi Ahilya University, Takshila Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore 452 001, India
Chanakya or Kautilya is the first famous Indian scholar who was a professor of political science and economics at the Takshila University (in the Punjab province of Pakistan).