phonograph

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phonograph:

see record playerrecord player
or phonograph,
device for reproducing sound that has been recorded as a spiral, undulating groove on a disk. This disk is known as a phonograph record, or simply a record (see sound recording).
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Phonograph

 

a household device for the reproduction of sound from a phonograph record. A phonograph differs in principle from a gramophone; it converts the mechanical vibrations of the needle in the sound pickup to electrical oscillations, which are then amplified by an audio-frequency amplifier and converted to sound by an electroacoustic system, which includes one or more electrodynamic loudspeakers.

Phonographs are designed to reproduce monophonic, stereophonic, or quadraphonic disk recordings. The sound quality and the convenience of use depend on the phonograph’s rating. For example, phonographs manufactured in the USSR according to the All-Union State Standard, which establishes the basic technical specifications (for example, range of frequencies reproduced and nonlinear distortion factor), are rated as superior, first class, second class, or third class. Modern superior-rated phonographs produce sound of such quality that the listener is completely unaware of noise and the various distortions that occur in the course of reproduction of disk recordings; such phonographs are the most convenient to use.

REFERENCES

Apollonova, L. P., and N. D. Shumova. Mekhanicheskaia zvukozapis’. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
GOST 11157–74. Elektrophony: Obshchie tekhnicheskie usloviia. Moscow, 1974.

S. L. MISHENKOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

phonograph

[′fō·nə‚graf]
(engineering acoustics)
An instrument for recording or reproducing acoustical signals, such as voice or music, by transmission of vibrations from or to a stylus that is in contact with a groove in a rotating disk.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

phonograph

1. an early form of gramophone capable of recording and reproducing sound on wax cylinders
2. US and Canadian a device for reproducing the sounds stored on a record: now usually applied to the nearly obsolete type that uses a clockwork motor and acoustic horn
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

phonograph

An earlier term for an analog recording and playback device. See phonograph record, turntable and LP.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Written by Tin Pan Alley songsters in the era before radio, the first popular cowboy and Indian songs circulated as piano sheet music and as cylinder and disc recordings played on wind-up talking machines.
This unique blend of genres established an incredibly diverse list of artists which would go on to influence countless songwriters and performers including modern Victor Talking Machine Co.'s president, Graham Alexander, who revived the company (along with the His Master's Voice, Victrola, and Little Nipper imprints) returning their headquarters to the Camden area after a 30 year absence.
[1917] Untitled Victor Talking Machine form letter.
His collection, featuring artifacts from the 1880s to the 1930s, includes Thomas Edison inventions such as the first cylinder recordings and a gooseneck oak horn from the Edison home (circa 1901), as well as the Victor Talking Machine Company's Berliner Gramophone (circa 1895), featured in the famous company logo with Victor's black-and-white dog Nipper.
Steffen (music business, McNally Smith College) presents a history of the earliest years of sound recording, from the debut of Thomas Edison's "talking machine" in 1889 to the first commercial radio broadcast three decades later.
DYING Great Train Robber Ronnie Biggs, struck dumb by three massive strokes, is to get a hi-tech talking machine.
Gramophones -- the first record players -- were sold starting in 1896 by the newly formed Victor Talking Machine Co.
Treasury rather like the RCA Victor dog did to the talking machine in the logo) for rescue funds, the Americans drew a line in the sand: They made aid contingent upon sweeping privatization of state-directed (and, over the last generation, fabulously successful) Asian economies.
In the U.S., Berliner's company ran into legal and financial troubles, and he was forced to sell his interests, including the licence for Nipper, to what became the Victor Talking Machine Company.
The Victor Talking Machine Company brought out a phonograph in 1915 under the name Victrola; the name soon was applied to all phonographs.
The five girls just sat around and read Wild West magazines; a talking machine somewhere played "On the Beach at Waikiki"; and now and again somebody would say through the loudspeaker, "What is nudism?
IT'S good to talk was one UK telecom company's popular advertising catchphrase and a one man talking machine has proved that it can be a pleasurable and profitable business too, writes Mai Al Khatib.