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1. a place, esp a small building, for the retail sale of goods and services
2. shut up shop to close business at the end of the day or permanently
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the basic production subdivision of an industrial enterprise. As part of the overall process of production, shops perform certain specific functions in the manufacture of products and the delivery of technological or auxiliary services to primary production or to the enterprise as a whole. Depending on their functions, shops are divided into primary production shops, auxiliary shops, servicing shops, subordinate shops, and ancillary (or byproduct) shops.

Primary production shops (osnovnye tsekhi) are those engaged in the technological process of manufacturing the enterprise’s product. In metallurgical plants, for example, such shops include the blast-furnace, open-hearth, and rolling shops. In machine-building enterprises the primary production shops are subdivided into blanking (or die-cutting), machining, and assembly shops.

Auxiliary shops (vspomogatel’nye tsekhi) provide technical services to the primary production shops or to the entire enterprise. Their function is to repair buildings and equipment, manufacture and repair technological equipment for the primary production shops, and supply the enterprise with all forms of energy.

Servicing shops (obsluzhivaiushchie tsekhi) and annexes perform maintenance and, in part, technical functions in servicing the primary production shops and the entire plant. Such services include the acceptance, storage, distribution, and transportation of raw materials, other materials, fuel, semifinished and finished products, and waste products (plant warehousing and transportation).

Subordinate shops (podsobnye tsekhi) include shops engaged in the preparation of packing and crating materials and containers—that is, products needed for the release of the primary production output.

Ancillary shops (pobochnye tsekhi), which contribute to the total output by manufacturing by-products, include slag shops in metallurgical plants and the salvaging shops (that is, shops that manufacture consumer goods) in machine-building plants.

The shop categories differ in the various enterprises, depending on the branch of industry, the type of product, and the scale and methods of production. Large shops are subdivided into departments, sections, and assembly lines. Small enterprises sometimes operate on a nonshop basis—that is, without any shops at all.


Organizatsiia i planirovanie mashinostroitel’nogo proizvodstva, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1974.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"I just think they are becoming a bit of a joke now and is a complete talking shop. Nothing ever gets done," she said.
He slammed the regional assemblies as little more than toothless talking shops, without any real powers.
'But what do Labour's talking shops actually achieve?
PITY recently installed transport supremo Geoff Inskipp who admits that when it comes to small talk, he's most likely to find himself talking shop.
Lord Elis-Thomas appears to feel the assembly is a glorified talking shop which does not benefit Wales.
What I fear is we will all have to pay a levy on the Council Tax to fund a talking shop that delivers nothing.
TALKING SHOP has two pairs of tickets to give away for any Manchester United game at Old Trafford next season in a
The blurb before the show billed it as news and current affairs but it seemed more of a talking shop with a panel answering abstract questions.
* SIR - So many of us see the endless arguments among the members of The Welsh Assembly as little more than an irritating talking shop.
This is the party who is running the Scottish Government on behalf of the Scots electorate and Westminster has painted us no more than a talking shop. If no one is going to speak for the Scottish Parliament then declare us independent and let us speak for ourselves.
Nearly pounds 70m for a talking shop when heroes like Ian Botham and many others had to walk the length of Britain to help raise money for a children's hospital in Wales.
But campaigners for a No vote in November's referendum say an elected assembly will be a talking shop and a Government puppet.