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the language of the Talyshin. Spoken in the southern part of the Azerbaijan SSR and in contiguous Iran, Talyshi belongs to the northwestern group of the Iranian languages. It has several dialects, of which the most important is the Lenkoran dialect.

Talyshi is an analytic language. Its phonetic features include the wide use of a reduced vowel represented by the symbol b and extensive assimilation of vowels. The language is inflected and has oblique case forms for nouns, as well as several simple verb forms, for example, the optative and the augmented form of the imperfect. A unique feature of Talyshi is an analytic form of the present tense that is formed from the infinitive.

Talyshi has a well-developed system of postpositions, which are often used in combination with prepositions. Transitive verbs in some forms of the past tense require an ergative sentence construction. In attributive constructions, the attribute with the marker -a precedes the dependent member.


Miller, B. V. Talyshskie teksty. Moscow, 1930.
Miller, B. V. Talyshskii iazyk. Moscow, 1953.
lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 1. Moscow, 1966.
Talyshsko-russkii slovar’. Moscow, 1976.


References in periodicals archive ?
Hashimova also noted that studies conducted during the World War II showed that even in the years of famine and war in the Lesser Caucasus, there were many long-livers over 100 years old in the Talysh Mountains.
It suggested that the mother tongue referred to was Talysh, a dying northwest Iranian language that is still spoken by at most a million people in the Iranian provinces of Gilan and Ardabil and southern Azerbaijan.
The ANCA has called for a Leahy Law investigation into reports of Azerbaijani war crimes, including the murder of an elderly couple in the northern Nagorno Karabakh village of Talysh and the beheading of several Armenian defense fighters.
Azerbaijani positions underwent fire from the positions located near the villages of Shuraabad, Shikhlar, Kengerli, Sarijali, Javakhirli, Merzili, Yusifjanli of the Aghdam district, Talysh, Gulustan of the Goranboy district, Kuropatkino of the Khojavend district, Horadiz, Garakhanbeyli, Ashagi Seyidahmadli of the Fizuli district, Chilyaburt of the Terter district and Mehdili of the Jabrayil district.
The northern side of the province is part of the South (Iranian) Talysh territory.
Loyal followers of Sheikh Haydar assigned seven people named Hussein Bey grinder, Dede Big Talysh, Khadim Bey Khalifa, Rustem Bey and the Bey Beyrami Qramany, Ilyas Bey Shah Uighur Oghli and were Qrapyrbyg.
Eleven of them are on individual languages--namely, the extinct Bactrian and Sogdian and the living Persian, Talysh, Ossetian, and the Pamir group--while two draw on several Iranian languages.
Harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones) from Talysh, with description of a new genus and other taxonomical changes.
fellow Talysh, an Iranian-speaking ethnic group concentrated in Azerbaijan's southeastern region bordering Iran.
The genus Epimerella with Oppia smirnovi Kuliev 1962 as type-species was described from Talysh Azerbaijan SSR by Kulijev (1967) and initially placed in the family Oppiidae.
Azerbaijan has faced dissension by several ethnic groups, including Armenians in NK, Lezgins residing in the north, and Talysh residing in the south.
In towns close to the Iranian border other than Lankaran, there is a large population of Talysh who are linguistically and ethnically similar to the Persians.