Talysh Mountains


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Talysh Mountains

 

a mountain range in the southeastern Caucasus, in the Azerbaijan SSR, on the border with Iran. The Talysh Mountains are a continuation of the Lesser Caucasus system, from which they are separated by a depression through which the lower course of the Araks River flows.

The Talysh Mountains consist of three longitudinal ridges. The predominant height of the main crest is 2,000–2,200 m, and the highest point is Mount Kiumiurkei, at 2,477 m. The Talysh Mountains are composed of flysch and volcanic strata with intrusions of basic rocks. There is seismic activity in the mountains. The eastern slopes, up to an elevation of 600 m, have subtropical forests; at higher elevations the forests are mostly of beech. The main crest has mountain xerophytic and mountain meadow-steppe vegetation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hashimova also noted that studies conducted during the World War II showed that even in the years of famine and war in the Lesser Caucasus, there were many long-livers over 100 years old in the Talysh Mountains.
As of 2003, two discrete endangered populations of the Caucasus leopard are known to still inhabit Georgia's Lesser Caucasus Mountains, and also the Talysh Mountains in the south bordering Azerbaijan (Tolordava 2003; Environment News Service 2003).
The forests of Azerbaijan (85 percent) mainly cover the slopes of the Major Caucasus, Minor Caucasus and Talysh Mountains.