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Taman Peninsula(təmän`), c.20 mi (30 km) long and 8 mi (12.9 km) wide, Krasnodar Territory, SE European Russia, projecting westward between the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea. It is separated from Crimea by the Kerch Strait; a 10.5-mi (16.9-km) road bridge and an 11.9-mi (19-km) rail bridge across the strait now connect the peninsula with Crimea. There are small mud volcanoes and gas and petroleum deposits. In the 6th cent. B.C., the Greeks established several colonies here. The modern Taman, a small port, became, in the 10th cent. A.D., a feudal center which was converted (13th cent.) into a fortress by the Genoese. Taman became a Turkish fortress in 1482 and was ceded to Russia in 1774.
a peninsula in western Ciscaucasia, Krasnodar Krai, RSFSR. Situated on the west-northwest extension of the Greater Caucasus mountain system, the peninsula is surrounded by the Black Sea, the Sea of Azov, and the Kerch’ Strait. It covers an area of 2,000 sq km. The shores are low and indented with bays. There were islands here at the beginning of the Common Era; in the fifth century the islands were joined together by alluvial dry land and formed a peninsula. The former islands constitute ridges of flattened dome-shaped elevations of argillaceous rocks, up to 164 m high, on which are 25 mud volcanoes. In the depressions between the ridges there are liman-type lakes with a sulfate water content. Most of the land on the peninsula is sown to wheat and Indian corn; there is also viticulture and fruit growing.