Taman Peninsula

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Taman Peninsula

(təmän`), c.20 mi (30 km) long and 8 mi (12.9 km) wide, Krasnodar Territory, SE European Russia, projecting westward between the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea. It is separated from Crimea by the Kerch Strait; a 10.5-mi (16.9-km) road bridge and an 11.9-mi (19-km) rail bridge across the strait now connect the peninsula with Crimea. There are small mud volcanoes and gas and petroleum deposits. In the 6th cent. B.C., the Greeks established several colonies here. The modern Taman, a small port, became, in the 10th cent. A.D., a feudal center which was converted (13th cent.) into a fortress by the Genoese. Taman became a Turkish fortress in 1482 and was ceded to Russia in 1774.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Taman’ Peninsula


a peninsula in western Ciscaucasia, Krasnodar Krai, RSFSR. Situated on the west-northwest extension of the Greater Caucasus mountain system, the peninsula is surrounded by the Black Sea, the Sea of Azov, and the Kerch’ Strait. It covers an area of 2,000 sq km. The shores are low and indented with bays. There were islands here at the beginning of the Common Era; in the fifth century the islands were joined together by alluvial dry land and formed a peninsula. The former islands constitute ridges of flattened dome-shaped elevations of argillaceous rocks, up to 164 m high, on which are 25 mud volcanoes. In the depressions between the ridges there are liman-type lakes with a sulfate water content. Most of the land on the peninsula is sown to wheat and Indian corn; there is also viticulture and fruit growing.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Putin dressed in jeans and a casual jacket was shown by Russian state television behind the wheel of a construction truck to drive 19 kilometers (12 miles) across the bridge, which links the Taman peninsula in southern Russia to Ukraine's Crimea, which was annexed by Moscow in 2014.
Russia's state-run broadcaster released a video of the president (then prime minister) diving into the Black Sea, off the coast of the Taman Peninsula, to pull out two Greek urns, in a reported attempt to draw attention to a buried archaeological site.
Greater Caucasus, also called the Great Caucasus, are a major range of the Caucasus Mountains, extending west-east for about 750 miles (1,200 km) from the Taman Peninsula on the Black Sea to the Abseron Peninsula on the Caspian Sea.
Their conversion to Judaism is placed in a context of long-established neighboring Jewish communities (notably in the Crimean and the Taman peninsula).
A major diplomatic row broke out between the two countries in the autumn of 2003 when Russia set about building a causeway between the Taman peninsula in southern Russia and the Ukrainian island of Tuzla just off the Crimean coast.