Tamara


Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Tamara

 

Born circa mid-1160’s; died 1207. Queen of Georgia from 1184 to 1207.

During Tamara’s reign, Georgia achieved great military and political successes. Georgian troops were victorious over the Azerbaijani atabeg Abu Bekr and his allies at Shamkhor in 1194 and over Sultan Ruknaddin of Konya (Rum) at Basiani in 1202. They seized Kars in 1204 and brought almost all of Transcaucasia under Tamara’s rule. The Empire of Trebizond arose on lands seized from Byzantium and long remained under Georgia’s political influence. The sultan of Erzincan, the emir of Erzurum, the sultan of Khlat, and northern Caucasian Gortsy rulers became vassals and tributaries of Georgia.

In the first years of Tamara’s reign, the major feudal lords were in favor of transferring legislative authority to an assembly of representatives of the upper strata of society, giving the queen only executive authority. As a result of negotiations, Tamara retained executive and legislative authority; however, she lost the prerogative of individual decision on state affairs, which were handled together with members of the supreme state council, the Darba-zi. The supremacy of the feudal nobility engendered discontent among the oppressed population. During her reign, Támara brutally suppressed uprisings of the Georgian Gortsy, who were opposed to the establishment of the feudal order.

During Tamara’s reign, roads, bridges, a caravansary, fortresses, churches, and monasteries were built. Támara was a patron of the sciences and arts. Odes by Chakhrukhadze and Shavteli and Sh. Rustaveli’s The Man in the Panther’s Skin were dedicated to her.

Tamara married Iurii, son of Prince Andrei Bogoliubskii, in 1185; they separated two years later. In 1189 she married David Soslani, a representative of the Ossetian branch of the Georgian Bagration dynasty.

REFERENCE

Istoriia Gruzii. Tbilisi, 1975.
See also references under GEORGIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC.

M. D. LORDKIPANIDZE

References in periodicals archive ?
real snow Tamara sledges, watched by Sophia & Santa
Leyenda: Tamara Falco esta ayudando a organizaria boda de su hermana Ana y Fernando Verdasco,que se celebrara en Bahamas el 8 de diciembre.
Clearly Tamara never heard Gok Wan's buy less, wear more mantra.
Clearly, Tamara never heard Gok Wan's buy less, wear more mantra.
You'll love putting Tay's Gourmet on everything from yogurt, cookies, waffles, smoothies or just eat it by itself," Tamara adds.
Tamara and her family are owners of The Bike Rack in St.
Maja Parnardzieva-Zmejkova and Xhemali Mehazi, the two directors of the Health Insurance Fund, resigned Tuesday "for human reasons" in relation to Tamara Dimovska's death.
But for Tamara, it is a lost home, and something sadder.
It is also in the news because The Tamara is a part of the Tamara Real Estate Holding & Development, whose promoter is S.
On arrival at Dublin Airport, 'Peter' introduced Tamara to his friend 'Anna' and said she and her baby would stay with her.
The husband, 53-year-old Douglas Allen Witt, used a one-ton flatbed pickup truck to ram an SUV occupied by his wife, Tamara Witt, and their daughter while they were traveling.
This week shoe queen Tamara Mellon, co-founder of Jimmy Choo, raised eyebrows when she said that the man whose name adorns her former footwear empire never actually designed any of the shoes.