Tamaricaceae


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Related to Tamaricaceae: Eugenia caryophyllata

Tamaricaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants; usually small trees or bushes, sometimes semibushes. The leaves are regular, small, and usually subulate or scaly. The flowers are as a rule small and bisexual; the racemes come in brush, circular, or broom shapes. The perianth has four to five cupped petals, which may be joined or free of each other. There may be four to ten stamens or many more, separate or joined by filaments. The gynecium contains three or four or two to five carpels; the fruit is podlike. There are three or four genera with about 120 species, found in Eurasia and Africa, chiefly in the Mediterranean and Central and Middle Asia. Tamaricaceae grow on more or less saline soils in the steppes, semiarid and desert regions, on the shores of bodies of water, and also on dry mountain slopes. In the USSR there are about 40 species of the genera Tamarix, Reaumuria (12 species), and Myricaria (six species). Some types are used for fuel, for plaiting various articles, as decorative plants, and to fix soil. Tamaricaceae contain tanning and dyeing substances in their bark. Some varieties are eaten by camels, sheep, and goats.

REFERENCES

Gorshkova, S. G. “Grebenshchikovye.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 15. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Hutchinson. J. The Genera of Flowering Plants, vol. 2. Oxford. 1967.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Invasive Tamarix(Tamaricaceae) in South Africa: current research and the potential for biological control.
Seedling competition between native Populus deltoides (Salicaceae) and exotic Tamarix ramosissiraa (Tamaricaceae) across water regimes and substrate types.
Musaceae Fruit Methanolic Myricaria elegans Royle Tamaricaceae Aerial Methanolic Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
In the true desert, with less than 20-25% plant cover, the dominant vegetation is the halophyte Reaumuria soongorica (Tamaricaceae), caragana (Caragana tragacanthoides, Leguminosae), Zygophyllum xanthoxylon (Zygophyllaceae), Salsola laricifolia (Chenopodiaceae), and S.
Athel Tamarix--Tamarix aphylla; an Asiatic tree, family Tamaricaceae, whose blossoms provide nectar for bees; grown in beach and dessert gardens in the southwestern United States.
nuttallianus, Melilotus indicus, Parkinsonia aculeata; Fouquieriaceae: Fouquieria splendens, Oleaceae: Ligustrum japonicum; Papaveraceae: Argemone ochroleuca; Platanaceae: Platanus orientalis y Tamaricaceae: Tamarix gallica.
Three types of glands have been described: the bladder cells of the Chenopodiaceae; the multicellular glands observed in dicotyledonous species of the families Acanthaceae, Aizoaceae, Aveceniaceae, Combretaceae; Convolvulaceae; Frankiaceae, Plumbaginaceae and Tamaricaceae (Waisel, 1972; Wahit, 2003; Kobayashi, 2008; Flowers et al, 2010); and the bicellular glands found in species of the Poaceae family (Liphschitz & Waisel, 1974; Fahn, 1979; Wieneke et al., 1987; Mauseth, 1988; Thomson, 1975; Marcum & Murdoch, 1994; Somaru et al., 2002; Wahit, 2003).
& Akhani, H.--2013--Meiotic behavior, karyotype analyses and pollen viability in species of Tamarix (Tamaricaceae)--Willdenowia 43: 195-203.
Seedling competition between native Populus deltoides (Salicaceae) and exotic Tamarix ramosissima (Tamaricaceae) across water regimes and substrate types.
Dominant families are Amaranthaceae, Asteraceae, Brassicaceae, Fabaceae, Poaceae, Polygonaceae, Tamaricaceae, and Zygophyllaceae and they contain 74% of all species in the Gurbantunggut Desert [30].
Vegetation cover is quite sparse and consists mostly of desert shrubs (40-50 cm) and dwarf shrubs (10-15 cm) from the families Chenopodiaceae, Ephedraceae, Tamaricaceae, and Zigophyllaceae (Unatov, 1960).