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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of plants of the family Tamaricaceae. They are bushes or trees 6–10 m high, with slender long runners. The leaves are small, usually in the form of scales, and bluish or grayish in color. The blossoms are small; white rose, or violet; and gathered into long brushes. The fruit is a pod, with small seeds that are either bare or have a tuft of spikes on the end.

Tamarix love light, are drought resistant, and grow rapidly without requiring special soils; many types are salt tolerant. They multiply through seeds, root shoots, and cuttings and readily form hybrid varieties. There are 54 genera in the deserts and semiarid regions and steppes of southern Europe, Africa, and Asia as far as India; in the USSR there are 24 varieties. They grow wild in the floodplains and valleys of rivers, in tugaic forests, in wormwood and halophyte thickets, on lake shores, and the seashores of Middle Asia. Kazakhstan, the Caucasus, and the southern European part of the USSR. Tamarix are used for fuel, for plaiting various articles, and for sand and forest-land erosion prevention. They are good nectar plants. Domestic animals eat the young branches. Tamarix also show promise as decorative plants.


Rusanov, F. N. Sredneaziatskie tamariksy. Tashkent, 1949.
Baum, B. Monographic Revision of the Genus Tamarix. Jerusalem, 1966.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tamarix indica belongs to the family Tamariscaceae, bearing a list of seventy nine type of flowering plants and have been grouped into five genera, usually found in the dry areas of Africa, Asia and Europe.
Host specificity of the leaf beetle, Diorhabdaelongatadeserticola (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) from Asia, a biological control agent for saltcedars (Tamarix: Tamaricaceae) in the Western United States.
This study was conducted on the basis of phytosociological surveys, to determine the close affinities of different plant groups of Tamarix africana .
Do beavers promote the invasion of non-native Tamarix in the Grand Canyon riparian zone?
Tamarix o abeto salado (Tamaricaceae) es originario de zonas secas y salinas de Europa, Africa y Asia, y fue introducida a Norte America como especie ornamental; actualmente es considerada una especie invasiva de zonas aridas y semiaridas en America y Australia (Waal et al.
2009), esta actualmente fuertemente degradado por la extraccion ilegal del "algarrobo", que es utilizado como combustible por quienes procesan clandestinamente la "pota" (Dosidicus gigas), ademas existe ganaderia de cabras, asentamientos humanos y en 1983 se introdujo la especie vegetal exotica Tamarix sp.(Fig.
Ultrastructural features of the salt gland of Tamarix aphylla L.
The plant species in the Quran are: Alhagi maurorum, Allium cepa, Allium sativum, Brassica nigra, Cinamoumon Camphor, Cucumis sativus, Cucurbita pepo, Ficus carica, Lens culinaris Medic, Musa sapientum, Ocimum basilicum, Olea europaea, Phoenix dactylifera, Punica granatum, Salvadora persica, Tamarix aphylla, Vitis vinifera, Zingiber officinale and Ziziphus spina_christi [2].
A phanerophyte from the eastern Mediterranean and North Africa, Tamarix parviflora is widely cultivated as an ornamental in other parts of the world.
Two of those were tree prunings of hardwood species (Tamarix aphylla and Conocarpus erectus), which were planted as urban trees and collected during 2011 from the cities of Damam and Qassim, respectively; branches of Juniperus procera trees were selected as a softwood species and collected from the Al-Baha region in the southwest of the kingdom.
Aside from drainage and cleaning up the terrain, which I'm sure you've already accomplished, I have consistent success with the plant stem cell extracts from Fagus sylvatica for EBV and Tamarix gallica for the usually coincident CMV along with Rosa canina to take care of some other commonly associated herpes family viruses (HSV-1 and 2) and/or to potentiate the actions of Fagus and Tamarix.
OTHER PRODUCTS: Other non-timber forest products obtained from wild and traded in Pakistan include bark of walnut, baskets made from young branches of Tamarix, Dates and Mazari Palm, shoes from the leaves of Mazari Palm in Balochistan and Waziristan are also traded in the country.