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Tamaulipas(tämoulē`päs), state (1990 pop. 2,249,581), 30,734 sq mi (79,601 sq km), NE Mexico, on the Gulf of Mexico. Ciudad VictoriaCiudad Victoria
, city (1990 pop. 194,996), capital of Tamaulipas state, NE Mexico, on the San Marcos River and at the foot of the Sierra Madre Oriental. The city, founded in 1750, lies on the Inter-American Highway and on a major rail line.
..... Click the link for more information. is the capital. The central and western parts of the state are in the mountains of the Sierra Madre Oriental. In the north and south are arable plains, particularly in the long panhandle beginning at Nuevo LaredoNuevo Laredo
, city (1990 pop. 218,413), Tamaulipas state, NE Mexico, across the Rio Grande from Laredo, Tex. Linked with the United States by automobile and railroad bridges, Nuevo Laredo is the northern terminus of the national railroad and the Inter-American Highway, as well
..... Click the link for more information. and following the Rio Grande opposite Texas to MatamorosMatamoros,
city (1990 pop. 266,055), Tamaulipas state, NE Mexico, near the mouth of the Rio Grande, opposite Brownsville, Tex. Matamoros, linked by rail and highway with the United States, is an international trading center and a point of entry.
..... Click the link for more information. . The coast is low, sandy, fringed with lagoons, and (except for Matamoros and TampicoTampico
, city (1990 pop. 272,690), Tamaulipas state, E Mexico, on the Pánuco River, a few miles inland from the Gulf of Mexico. Rivaling Veracruz as Mexico's most important seaport, Tampico is used primarily for Mexico's petroleum industry.
..... Click the link for more information. ) only lightly inhabited by fishermen and a few resorts. The extreme southwestern mining area borders on the vast semiarid basins of central Mexico. Except in the elevated interior, the climate is hot and humid. The state's greatest source of wealth is petroleum and its byproducts, but agriculture and cattle raising are also important. Tamaulipas is a leading national producer of sugarcane and cotton; cereal grains and tobacco are other major crops. Maquiladorasmaquiladoras
, Mexican assembly plants that manufacture finished goods for export to the United States. The maquiladoras are generally owned by non-Mexican corporations.
..... Click the link for more information. , foreign-owned manufacturing plants that finish goods for U.S. export, have rapidly grown throughout the state. The Spanish first explored the territory in 1519, but after conquering the Tamaulipans they abandoned the area. European colonization began in 1747; Franciscan missions flourished in the 18th cent. Drug-related violence has been a significant problem in the early 21st cent. in the state's cities that border the United States.
a state in northeastern Mexico. Area, 79,800 sq km. Population, 1.712 million (1974). Its capital is Ciudad Victoria. Tamaulipas occupies the coast of the Gulf of Mexico and the foothills of the Sierra Madre Oriental. Oil is drilled and refined near Tampico, and natural gas is extracted in the vicinity of Reynosa. In the river valleys, including the valley of the Río Bravo del Norte (Rio Grande), there is irrigation farming of cotton, sugarcane, and citrus fruits. Transhumant livestock raising is practiced in the foothills.