Tambora


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Tambora

(täm`bərə), active volcano, N Sumbawa, Nusa Tenggara Barat prov., Indonesia, rising to 9,255 ft (2,821 m). The volcano's 1815 eruption was one of the most destructive in historical times, killing an estimated 50,000–90,000 people, destroying the kingdoms of Tambora and Papegat, and causing crop failures on neighboring Bali and Lambok. Lingering ash in the atmosphere led to global cooling and created "the year without a summer" in many areas throughout the world, including the United States.

Bibliography

See G. D. Wood, Tambora (2014).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tambora

 

a volcano on the island of Sumbawa in Indonesia. Tambora, which rises to an elevation of 2,821 m, has several lateral cones and a caldera measuring more than 6 km in diameter and as much as 700 m in depth. At the bottom of the caldera are a lake and a subsidiary crater. There was a catastrophic eruption in 1815, during which the peak of the volcano (4,300 m in elevation) was blown off. Tambora erupted again in 1847 and 1913. At present it is in the solfatara stage.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Tambora

a volcano in Indonesia, on N Sumbawa: violent eruption of 1815 reduced its height from about 4000 m (13 000 ft.) to 2850 m (9400 ft.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps a greater takeaway from the story of Volcano Tambora is the idea that the world is connected in ways we don't often appreciate - and connections don't arise just because of the Internet of Things.
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The eruption of Mount Tambora in 1815 - detailed in the report - was the most devastating volcanic event of the last thousand years, killing over 70,000 people in its immediate vicinity.
EVERY time the phrase 'tax amnesty' is mentioned, the immediate reaction of the common man is perhaps comparable with the 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora and you can't blame him.
An eruption a hundred times smaller than Mount Toba -- that of Mount Tambora, also in Indonesia, in 1815 -- is thought to have been responsible for a year without summer in 1816.
Among them is Tambora in Indonesia, 1815; Pinatubo, the Philippines, in 1991, which cooled the entire world by half a degree Celsius; Mount Samalas, Indonesia, in the 13th century, which may have plunged medieval Europe into a series of famines due to anomalous weather changes that ensued; and Krakatoa in 1883, also in Indonesia, which also cooled the entire world.
It's a tale that begins in Indonesia in 1815 and the aftermath of the world's most powerful-ever volcano when Mount Tambora blew 24 cubic miles of rock, dust and noxious gasses into the air, reducing the mountain's height by almost 5,000 feet in the process.
He said that first camp was established at Tambora Chowk near the tomb of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai for two days.
In the wake of the 1815 eruption of Indonesia's Mount Tambora, temperatures dropped across the world.