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a people in South Asia. Approximately 37 million Tamils live in India (1971, estimate), mainly in the state of Tamil Nadu. Tamils also inhabit Sri Lanka (2.5 million people), Malaysia (600,000), Burma (180,000), Singapore (90,000), and Australia and Oceania (35,000). The Tamils speaks the Tamil language. Most Tamils are Hindus; some are Muslims.

The Tamils belong to the South Indian race and are thus related to the Dravidians. The Tamil kingdoms of Chola, Chera, and Pandya were known in the third century B.C. In the 14th century A.D., Tamil Nadu (“Land of Tamil”) became part of the Vijayanagar state; in the 17th century it separated into a number of principalities.

At the present time, capitalism is developing intensively among the Tamils, and large proletarian and national bourgeois classes have come into existence. Approximately 80 percent of the Tamils are engaged in agriculture. The traditional crafts are silk weaving, leatherworking, and metal casting. Arts that have been well developed among the Tamils include architecture, the sculpting of bronze figurines, the classical dance, and the folk theater.


Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
Alekseev, V. I., and V. A. Makarenko. Strana tamilov. Moscow, 1965.
Shaposhnikova, L. V. Gody i dni Madrasa. Moscow, 1971.


References in periodicals archive ?
Harvard sought to collect $6 Million from the Tamil Diaspora worldwide, who had no idea of Harvard's business model of selling professorships to fund its $35 Billion hedge fund investments.
45) Farming and fishing would be the main sources of employment income for Tamils who repatriate to Sri Lanka, but after the civil war, Sri Lanka has limited infrastructures such as machines, seeds, or money for these industries, which means that Tamil repatriates may need more options than currently available for a sustainable livelihood.
The warning came as some groups in the Tamil dominated north of the country prepared to commemorate the life of slain Tamil Tiger leader Vellupillai Prabakaran.
Rajapakse's coalition partners have opposed any political concessions to the Tamils and have said their election victory will lead to new unrest.
According to distinguished anthropologists like Stanley Tambiah and Gananath Obeyesekere, the Sinhalese and the Tamils share many parallel features of "caste, kinship, popular religious cults and so on".
Tamil Nadu's chief minister Jayalalitha Jayaram notified Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of her decision by letter in which she condemned "barbaric acts" the Sri Lankan military committed on Tamils.
The first major riot started after the enactment of a Sinhala-only language law, which was perceived by the Tamils as discriminatory, fuelling longstanding ethnic tensions between the two communities.
Many scholarly studies on Sri Lanka explain the nature and the roots of the ethnic conflict between the Tamiis and the Sinhalese, which eventually opened the way for the birth of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (the separatist Tamil organization, commonly known as the LTTE, established in May 1976 and violently defeated in May 2009).
Rahman enthralled the audience with the theme song, penned by Tamil Nadu chief minister M.
India, which once wielded undisputed leverage over the Sri Lankan conflict, maintained a largely hands-off approach over the last two years because of the concerns of Tamils at home.
Senthe said the world must try to understand why the Tamils were forced to take up arms.
If you are not fighting the doomed and lost cause of Tamil Eelam, liberating Sri Lanka or helping the displaced Tamils, please shut up and do something useful in Bahrain.