Tammuz


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Related to Tammuz: Nimrod, Ishtar

Tammuz

(tä`məz), ancient nature deity worshiped in Babylonia. A god of agriculture and flocks, he personified the creative powers of spring. He was loved by the fertility goddess IshtarIshtar
, ancient fertility deity, the most widely worshiped goddess in Babylonian and Assyrian religion. She was worshiped under various names and forms. Most important as a mother goddess and as a goddess of love, Ishtar was the source of all the generative powers in nature and
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, who, according to one legend, was so grief-stricken at his death that she contrived to enter the underworld to get him back. According to another legend, she killed him and later restored him to life. These legends and his festival, commemorating the yearly death and rebirth of vegetation, corresponded to the festivals of the Phoenician and Greek AdonisAdonis
, in Greek mythology, beautiful youth beloved by Aphrodite and Persephone. He was born of the incestuous union of Myrrha (or Smyrna) and Cinyras, king of Cyprus. Aphrodite left Adonis in the care of Persephone, who raised him and made him her lover.
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 and of the Phrygian AttisAttis
or Atys
, in Phrygian religion, vegetation god. When Nana ate the fruit of the almond tree, which had been generated by the blood of either Agdistis or of Cybele, she conceived Attis.
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. The Sumerian name of Tammuz was Dumuzi. In the Bible his disappearance is mourned by the women of Jerusalem (Ezek. 8.14).

Tammuz

 

in the mythology and religion of the Semitic peoples, the god of fertility, who dies and rises from the dead. Tammuz is the biblical name, derived from the Sumerian Dumuzi. According to the earliest version of the Sumerian myth, Dumuzi, a shepherd god, was sent by his spouse, Inanna, to the netherworld as her substitute. He was saved, however, by his sister, Geshtinanna, who consented to take his place six months of the year. Tammuz corresponds to the Phoenician god Adoni.

References in periodicals archive ?
Anyone interested can find numerous specific elements in the gospels to their origin not in history, but in the traditions surrounding Tammuz, Osiris, Attis, Adonis, Dionysus and Mithra.
On July 8, 1979, at the 13 Tammuz farbrengen, the Rebbe spoke publicly about the dangers that Eastern cults and their form of meditation posed for many Jews.
I don't want Tammuz to come too late for my urgent song.
An Israeli military source said troops fired a Tammuz missile toward a Syrian army mortar crew that had launched a shell which overshot the Golan disengagement fence Sunday, exploding near a Jewish settlement without causing casualties.
Assim foi com Demeter e Persefone, Afrodite e Adonis, Liriope e Narciso, Cibele e Atis, Semele e Dioniso, Istar e Tammuz e a propria Innana, deusa sumeria que, como as demais, e associada a lua e voluntariamente desce ao reino dos mortos para depois renascer.
In Canto XLVII, we read about the island of Circe and Odysseus who is about to "sail after knowledge." There follows a long lyrical passage which is given mythic dimensions through allusions to Tammuz and Adonis.
Gustav was born in Kalischt in Bohemia on Saturday, July 7, 1860 (17 Tammuz) so he was a Shabbat baby, and his bris was celebrated eight days later.
In this regard, Frazer (1964: 341) observes "under the names of Osiris, Tammuz, Adonis and Attis, the people of Egypt and Western Asia represented the yearly decay and revival of life, especially of vegetable life, which they personified as a god who annually died and rose again from the dead." In the tropics also, many agrarian communities engage in this practice, but with a variation; they do not only celebrate the revival of life at the time of the spring equinox, but also resort to the magical rite of rainmaking whenever "the rains have kept their time" and drought persists beyond the vernal equinox.
"We have organized, through cooperation with the Tammuz (July) Organization for Social Development, an anniversary celebration for the Iraqi Archaeology Scientist, Donny George, who had worked with a pure Iraqi spirit in the field of archaeology, suffering from continuous ignorance; that is why he deserves from us to celebrate his efforts to revive the human civilization that emerged on this Land and its favor on humanity as a whole," the Chairman of the Iraqi Writers Federation, Yasser al-Barrak, told Aswat al-Iraq news agency.
Perhaps we can find an answer to this question in the short story "The Swimming Race" ("Tacharut S'khija") by the Israeli writer Benjamin Tammuz, written four years after the birth of the State of Israel.