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see DonDon
, river, SW European Russia. It rises SE of Tula and flows c.1,200 mi (1,930 km), first SE past Voronezh, then SW into the Sea of Azov. At its eastern bend the Don is linked by a canal (c.65 mi/105 m long), with the Volga River near Volgograd (formerly Stalingrad).
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, river, Russia; AzovAzov
, city (1990 est. pop. 82,000), SE European Russia, a port on the Don River delta near the Sea of Azov. It is a rail junction, a light industrial center, and a fishing center. Tourism supplements the economy. Founded as the Greek colony of Tanaïs (3d cent. B.C.
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, city.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an ancient city at the mouth of the Don River, which the Greeks called the Tanais.

Founded in the early third century B.C. by Greeks from the Bosporan state, Tanais was situated on the site of the present-day settlement of Nedvigovka, Miasnikovskii Raion, Rostov Oblast. It was an important center of trade between the Greeks of the Bosporus and the nomads of the Azov and Don steppes. At the end of the first century B.C., it was destroyed by the Bosporan king Polemon, but it was rebuilt shortly thereafter. The city flourished from the second century A.D. to the first half of the third century. In the 240’s, Tanais was destroyed by tribes belonging to a union led by the Goths. Rebuilt in the second half of the fourth century, Tanais was a minor town; it survived until the early fifth century.

The first archaeological excavations of the ancient city and its burial grounds were conducted in the mid-19th century; regular excavations, directed by D. B. Shelov, were begun in 1955. In 1961 a museum and archaeological preserve were established on the site of Tanais.


Knipovich. T. N. Tanais. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.
Shelov, D. B. Tanais i Nizhnii Don v III-I vv. do n. e. Moscow, 1970.
Shelov, D. B. Tanais i Nizhnii Don v pervye veka n. e. Moscow, 1972.



the ancient Greek name for the Don River. The city of Tanais was located at the mouth.

From the seventh century B.C, Tanais was a trade route connecting the eastern and northeastern regions of Scythia with Greek cities on the Black Sea. In antiquity, Tanais was considered the boundary between Europe and Asia; it also separated the lands of the Scythian and Sarmatian tribes. An earlier name for Tanais, according to Plutarch, was “Amazon River.”

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was the site of Tanais, an ancient Greek colony, Fort Tana, under the Genoese and Fort Azak in the time of the Ottoman Empire.
(Tanais), which appeared in 2001, is named after the German ship carrying nine hundred prisoners--including the nearly three hundred Jews who comprised almost the entire Jewish population of the island--when it was sunk Just offshore on June 9, 1944.
Untying the Gordian Knot: on Tanais novaezealandiae Thomson (Crustacea, Tanaidacea, Tanaidae) from New Zealand, with descriptions of two new Zeuxoides species.
Pretendia reinar do Nilo ao Tanais, (18) do Tanais ao Ganges?
The delineation between Europe and Asia was said to be the river Tanais, i.e.
His best French jumpers include Group 1 Prix Cambaceres Hurdle winners Kiko and Tanais Du Chenet, Group 1 chase winners Polivalente and Saint Du Chenets, and Group 1-placed pair Lucky To Be and Prince Oui Oui.
The voice provokes Queen Tanais's removal of her breast, which gives the Amazons their name.
Reproductive behavior of three tube-building peracarid crustaceans: the amphipods Jassa falcata and Ampithoe valida and the tanaid Tanais cavolinii.