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Tancred(Tancred of Lecce) (tăng`krĭd;, lĕ`chā), b. 1130 or 1134, d. 1194, king of Sicily (1190–94), illegitimate son of Roger of Apulia and grandson of Roger IIRoger II,
c.1095–1154, count (1101–30) and first king (1130–54) of Sicily, son and successor of Roger I. He conquered (1127) Apulia and Salerno and sided with the antipope Anacletus II against Pope Innocent II. In 1130, Anacletus crowned Roger king.
..... Click the link for more information. of Sicily. On the death of his cousin, William IIWilliam II
(William the Good), c.1153–1189, king of Sicily (1166–89), son and successor of William I. He married (1177) Joan, daughter of Henry II of England.
..... Click the link for more information. of Sicily, Tancred was crowned (1190) king. The Sicilian crown was, however, claimed by ConstanceConstance,
1154–98, Holy Roman empress, wife of Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI; daughter of King Roger II of Sicily. She was named heiress of Sicily by her nephew King William II.
..... Click the link for more information. , who was William's aunt. Her husband, Holy Roman Emperor Henry VIHenry VI,
1165–97, Holy Roman emperor (1191–97) and German king (1190–97), son and successor of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I (Frederick Barbarossa). He was crowned German king at Aachen in 1169 and king of Italy at Milan in 1186 after his marriage to
..... Click the link for more information. , made an unsuccessful expedition against Tancred in 1191 and, soon after Tancred's death, deposed (1194) Tancred's infant son, William III.
Tancred,1076–1112, Crusader. He became a Crusader in 1096 with his uncle Bohemond IBohemond I
, c.1056–1111, prince of Antioch (1099–1111), a leader in the First Crusade (see Crusades); elder son of Robert Guiscard. With his father he fought (1081–85) against the Byzantine emperor Alexius I.
..... Click the link for more information. . After distinguishing himself at Nicaea, he struck out into Cilicia and besieged Tarsus, but was deprived of the city, after its fall, by Baldwin (Baldwin IBaldwin I
(Baldwin of Boulogne), 1058?–1118, Latin king of Jerusalem (1100–1118), brother and successor of Godfrey of Bouillon, whom he accompanied on the First Crusade (see Crusades).
..... Click the link for more information. of Jerusalem) and was forced to rejoin the main army. He took part in the captures of Antioch (1098), Jerusalem (1099), and Haifa (1100) and was for a short time prince of Galilee, with his capital at Tiberias. While acting (1100–1103) as regent of Antioch for Bohemond, he recaptured Laodicea and other towns and imprisoned Raymond IVRaymond IV,
c.1038–1105, count of Toulouse (1093–1105), leader in the First Crusade (see Crusades). He was also count of Saint Gilles and marquis of Provence. The first great prince to take the Cross, he was the chief planner and organizer of the expedition.
..... Click the link for more information. of Toulouse. In 1104, after the capture of Baldwin IIBaldwin II
(Baldwin of Le Bourg), d. 1131, Latin king of Jerusalem (1118–31), count of Edessa (1100–1131); cousin and successor of Baldwin I. He accompanied Godfrey of Bouillon on the First Crusade and was captured (1104) by the Muslims. He was released in 1108.
..... Click the link for more information. of Jerusalem by the Muslims, he took over the government of Edessa and, after the departure of Bohemond for the West, the government of Antioch. He subsequently made extensive conquests in Cilicia and N Syria. Although Bohemond submitted (1108) to Byzantine Emperor Alexius IAlexius I
(Alexius Comnenus) , 1048–1118, Byzantine emperor (1081–1118). Under the successors of his uncle, Isaac I, the empire had fallen prey to anarchy and foreign invasions.
..... Click the link for more information. , Tancred refused to surrender his conquests or to do the emperor homage.
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crusader renowned for his fighting helps capture Jerusalem from the infidels. [Ital. Lit.: Jerusalem Delivered; Ital. Opera: Rossini Tancredi]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
died 1112, Norman hero of the First Crusade, who played a prominent part in the capture of Jerusalem (1099)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005