The two commonly debated 'ideal' interfaces are the conventional Graphical User Interface (GUI) and Tangible User Interface (TUI).
Maher, "Comparison of Designers Using a Tangible User Interface and a Graphical User Interface and the Impact on Spatial Cognition," Key Centre of Design Computing and Cognition, University of Sydney, Australia, 2006.
Verplank, "In search of metaphors for tangible user interfaces," Proceedings of on Designing augmented reality environments (DARE 2000, New York, USA, 2000), pp.
Ploderer, "Tangible User Interfaces: Potentials Inherent in Tangible User Interfaces for Simplified Handling of Computer Applications," Master's Thesis, University of Applied Sciences FH JOANNEUM, Graz, Austria, 2005.
Maher, "The Impact of Tangible User Interfaces on Designers' Spatial Cognition," Human-Computer Interaction.
In the realm of interaction design, tangible interaction and tangible user interfaces
(TUI) are used to improve end-user interface with technology.
Audio d-touch, which is based on Dr Costanza's research into tangible user interfaces
, or TUIs, gives physical control in the immaterial world of computers.
Sixteen chapters address a range of design issues, including visual design principles for usable interfaces, global/intercultural user interface design, multimedia user interface design, conversational speech interfaces, multimodal interfaces, adaptive interfaces and agents, mobile interaction design, tangible user interfaces
, reducing cognitive complexity, information visualization, groupware and computer-supported cooperative work, human-centered design of decision support systems, online communities, virtual environments, and privacy and security.
Along with the actual sensor component, a collection of free example client projects for the rapid development tangible user interfaces in many programming languages such as C++, Java, Processing and Pure Data are also available on the project site .
We firmly believe that tangible user interfaces and more precisely, table based tangible interfaces in which digital information becomes graspable with the direct manipulation of simple objects available on a table surface, can fulfill many of the special needs brought by the new live computer music performance paradigms.
In the realm of interaction design, tangible user interfaces
(TUI) are described to have the potential for creating rich interaction experiences by incorporating emotional expression in tangible interaction [Overbeeke and others 2002].
Topics include enhancing learning through mobile computing, encouraging active student participation in large classes, tangible user interfaces
as mediating tools within adaptive educational environments, and an integrative approach to teaching 3D modeling in architecture.