Tanglewood Music Festival

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Tanglewood Music Festival,

formerly the Berkshire Festival (until 1984), summer music festival held since 1937 at "Tanglewood," a former estate in the adjoining towns of Stockbridge and Lenox, Mass. The Berkshire Festival was begun in 1934 at a farm in Stockbridge. Henry HadleyHadley, Henry Kimball,
1871–1937, American composer and conductor, b. Somerville, Mass., studied at the New England Conservatory and in Vienna. He composed and conducted in Europe from 1904 until 1909. Upon his return he became conductor of the Seattle Symphony Orchestra.
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 conducted an orchestra composed largely of members of the New York PhilharmonicNew York Philharmonic,
dating from 1842, the oldest symphony orchestra in the United States. The orchestra as it now exists is the result of the merger of the Philharmonic Society of New York with the National Symphony Orchestra (1921), the City Symphony (1923), and finally the
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 for two summers. In 1936, Serge KoussevitzkyKoussevitzky, Serge
(Sergei Aleksandrovich Koussevitzky) , 1874–1951, Russian-American conductor, studied in Moscow. He began his career as a double bass player. In 1908 he made his debut as a conductor in Berlin.
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 and the Boston Symphony OrchestraBoston Symphony Orchestra,
founded in 1881 by Henry Lee Higginson, who was its director and financial backer until 1918. The orchestra performed at the Old Boston Music Hall for nearly 20 years until the 2,625-seat Symphony Hall was built in 1900; its concerts continue to be
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 (BSO) took over the festival, which became its summer home; the BSO's subsequent conductors and music directors have also been, at least nominally, the directors of the festival. In 1940 a summer school, the Berkshire (now Tanglewood) Music Center, was begun in combination with the festival. Today it is one of the world's preeminent training grounds for composers, conductors, instrumentalists, and vocalists. Charles MünchMünch, Charles
, 1891–1968, French conductor and violinist, b. Alsace. Having conducted and directed orchestras in Paris (1933–48), Münch appeared for three seasons from 1947 as guest conductor of the New York Philharmonic, and was chief conductor of the
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 became musical director of the center in 1951 and was followed by Erich Leinsdorf (1963–69). Seiji OzawaOzawa, Seiji
, 1935–, Japanese conductor, b. Japanese-occupied Manchuria. A graduate of the Toho School of Music, Ozawa became the first Japanese conductor to gain recognition in the West, winning competitions in Europe and the United States.
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 led the BSO's programs there from 1970, the year that Gunther SchullerSchuller, Gunther Alexander,
1925–2015, American composer and conductor, b. Queens, N.Y. He studied French horn and flute, becoming principal hornist with the Cincinnati Symphony (1943–45) and Metropolitan Opera (1945–59).
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 assumed leadership of the center. Leon Fleischer succeed Schuller in 1985, becoming artistic director, and in 1998 Ellen Highstein became director of the center.

The Koussevitzky Music Shed at Tanglewood opened in 1938. Its acoustics were enhanced by the addition of an orchestra canopy in 1959. The Shed seats more than 5,000 people and accommodates about 12,000 additional listeners on its vast lawns. In 1986 the festival grounds were expanded from the original 180 acres (73 hectares) to 300 acres (121 hectares). In 1994 an additional facility, the 1,180-seat Seiji Ozawa Hall, was opened. Intended for chamber concerts, rehearsals, recitals, and recording sessions, it also contains a library, performers' pavilion, and other facilities, and accommodates some 2,000 concertgoers on its lawns.


See studies by J. R. Holland (1973), H. Kupferberg (1976), and A. L. Pincus (1989 and 1998).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Tanglewood Music Festival

Tanglewood is a 210-acre estate donated in 1937 by Mrs. Gorham Brooks. Located in the Berkshire Mountains of western Massachusetts, it is the summer home of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. What was originally known as the Berkshire Festival started in 1936 and in 1940 became part of the Berkshire Music Center, now the Tanglewood Music Center, where advanced American and foreign musicians come to study and perform for nine weeks each summer.
The festival includes concerts by the Boston Symphony and the Berkshire Music Center Orchestra as well as chamber music, jazz, choral and vocal concerts, and music theater productions. In early August there is a Festival of Contemporary Music that focuses on new works, some of which have been specially commissioned for the festival.
The grounds at Tanglewood open about two hours prior to the concerts so people can picnic on the lawns. More than 350,000 people come to Tanglewood over the course of the festival each summer.
Boston Symphony Orchestra
297 W. St.
Boston, MA 01240
888-266-1200 or 413-637-1600; fax: 413-637-5227
GdUSFest-1984, p. 86
MusFestAmer-1990, p. 81
MusFestWrld-1963, p. 280
Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, Fourth Edition. © 2010 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
This past summer, at the Tanglewood Music Festival, that grand summer home of the Boston Symphony Orchestra in Lenox, Massachusetts, I was joyously again in residence for a month's teaching at the Tanglewood Music Center Vocal Program, led by visionary soprano Dawn Upshaw.
She studied both horn and piano there, and spent one summer playing horn in the student orchestra at Tanglewood Music Festival in Massachusetts.
Kievman has been creating and presenting multimedia and music-theater works in 36 countries around the world, including the Tanglewood Music Festival, The New York Shakespeare Festival, the National Theater Manheim, the Basel State Theater, Eugene O'Neill Opera/Music-Theater, Florida Philharmonic, Piccolo Spoleto Festival and the Darmstadt Summer Music Festival.
Baez will be with quite familiar company when she comes to the Tanglewood Music Festival in Lenox Sunday for a concert as part of the 2013 Tanglewood Popular Artists series.
In their early years, the Henschel were quartet in residence at both the Aldeburgh Festival and at the Tanglewood Music Festival. At the latter, they were coached by the legendary musicians Louis Krasner and Eugene Lehner, who had themselves worked with composers such as Bela Bartok and Arnold Schonberg.
She has participated at the Banff Music Festival twice and was awarded a fellowship to attend the Tanglewood Music Festival in 2011.
YouTube sensation Colin Geddis, aka Barry "The Blender" Henderson, is to be the main comedy act at the Tanglewood music festival at Narrow Water Castle near Warrenpoint, Co Down, on Saturday.
Serge was so impressed he invited the singer to continue his apprenticeship at the prestigious Tanglewood Music Festival in the summer of 1942 and that'swhenFreddie Cocozzo became Mario Lanza - soon after, Private Lanza/Cocozzo in the US Army.
His career has encompassed engagements with the Tanglewood Music Festival, Manitoba Opera, Cincinnati Opera, Pacific Opera Victoria, Edmonton Opera, l'Opera de Quebec, Toronto-based Opera Atelier, Calgary Opera, the Montreal and Boston Symphony Orchestras and the Dresdner Philharmonic.
He studied with Italian composer Luciano Berio and gained a scholarship to the Tanglewood Music Festival in Massachusetts.
Music and Astronomy Under the Stars is a three-year NASA-funded astronomy outreach program held at community parks on Long Island, New York, and at the Tanglewood Music Festival in Lenox, Massachusetts.
AoVisitationAo and AoEmpire GardenAo premiered last year at the Tanglewood Music Festival, where MorrisAAE troupe is the only dance company to perform.