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Tangshan(täng-shän), city (1994 est. pop. 1,110,200), NE Hebei prov., China. A coal-mining center in the Kailan basin, Tangshan is a major industrial hub with iron- and steelworks that make it the country's most important steel-producing hub. Its manufactures also include machinery, motor vehicles, chemicals, textiles, glass, petroleum products, and cement. It was completely destroyed by a massive earthquake on July 28, 1976, in which more than 250,000 people are estimated to have been killed. Tangshan has since been completely rebuilt.
a city in northern China, in Hopei Province. Station on the Tientsin-Shenyang railroad line. Population, 1.2 million (1972). Tangshan is an important industrial center, with ferrous metallurgy and machine building. It has plants for the production of locomotives, railroad cars, diesel engines, bicycles, building materials, and equipment for metallurgical and light industries. It also has enterprises of the cement, ceramics, chemical, and electronics industries. Educational institutions include a railroad transportation institute. Coal is mined near Tangshan, in the Kailan (K’ai-luan) basin.