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Tangshan(täng-shän), city (1994 est. pop. 1,110,200), NE Hebei prov., China. A coal-mining center in the Kailan basin, Tangshan is also a major industrial hub with iron- and steelworks. It was completely destroyed by a massive earthquake on July 28, 1976. The government estimated that over 250,000 people were killed. It has since been completely rebuilt. Its manufactures include machinery, motor vehicles, chemicals, textiles, glass, petroleum products, and cement.
a city in northern China, in Hopei Province. Station on the Tientsin-Shenyang railroad line. Population, 1.2 million (1972). Tangshan is an important industrial center, with ferrous metallurgy and machine building. It has plants for the production of locomotives, railroad cars, diesel engines, bicycles, building materials, and equipment for metallurgical and light industries. It also has enterprises of the cement, ceramics, chemical, and electronics industries. Educational institutions include a railroad transportation institute. Coal is mined near Tangshan, in the Kailan (K’ai-luan) basin.