Tanguts

Tanguts

 

(1) A Tibeto-Burman people (self-designation Mi or Minia; Chinese name Tanghsiang) who established the Hsi Hsia (Western Hsia) kingdom in the late tenth century in what is now Kansu Province and the western part of Shansi Province in China. The Tanguts fought often and successfully against the Chinese. They had their own writing system and founded a civilization that is known from excavations made at Khara-Khoto (Karakhoto). After the Tangut kingdom was destroyed by the Mongols in 1227, some Tanguts became part of the Tsinghai Tibetans; the rest were assimilated by the Mongols and Chinese.

(2) The Mongol name for the Tibetans. The term was used in Russian until the 1930’s to refer to the Tibetan stock raisers of Tsinghai Province.

REFERENCE

Kychanov, E. I. Ocherki istorii langutskogo gosudarstva. Moscow, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Before gaining independence, the Tanguts paid tribute to both the Liao and the Song while simultaneously attempting to build up its own power base.
22) <<Senyer, jo no consent a les assignacions fetes ne fahedores ne enten esser tangut en fer obres en lo dit castell si no aitals obres com los altres homens poblats en terma d'altre castell son tanguts de fer a lu propri castell segons la comemoracio d'en Pere Albert>>.
In addition, the latter was a militarily strong neighbour of Song China which, having suffered countless defeats in battles with the Khitans, Jurchens and Tanguts, agreed to send it an 'annual tribute of 50,000 tales of silver, 130,000 bolts of silk, and 10,000 catties of tea in exchange for peace' in 1044, (38) coincidentally the first year of King Anawrahta's reign.
Tangut refers to the ethnic group which established the state of Xia (1038-1227), which also came to be known as Xixia.
It would appear that before the Mongol invasion Tarup could have referred to one of several different ethno-political groups, although it is likely that the Tarup of the eleventh and twelfth centuries, particularly during Anawrahta's reign (1044-77) could only have been either Tangut or Nanzhao.
The Tanguts established their own dynastic house in the northwest, the Western Xia (1038-1227).
It is characteristic of these poems that the writers derive from the objects inspi ration for Confucian meditations on history and contemporary policy, as Mei does when he expresses the hope that an ancient bronze crossbow trigger will be used as a model to construct new weapons and might help to stave off border incursions by the Tanguts and Khitans; "Don't let our border troops keep dying off like flies.
Some of his military commanders asked that this genocide order be extended to the Chinese subjects of the Tanguts so they could get more grazing land for their horses.
The war against the Tanguts continued until the summer of 1227.
one of the later Tangut tribes, mainly located in Khams.
Tangut and Bailang, another (south)-eastern tribe, classified either as Tangut or, linguistically, as Yi).
English edition: Prejevalsky: Mongolia, the Tangut Country and the Solitudes of Northern Tibet.