Tanis


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Tanis

(tā`nĭs), ancient city of Egypt, in the eastern delta of the Nile. It is identified with the Hyksos capital, Avaris (XII dynasty), and is called Zoan in the Bible. It was a significant city in the XIX dynasty and was capital of the XXI (Tanite) dynasty. On the Asian frontier, Tanis was important strategically and commercially until threatened inundation by Lake Manzala caused it to be abandoned after the 6th cent. A.D. for the city of Tennis. Excavations, first begun in 1860, revealed inscriptions, several temples and statues, and a royal necropolis.

Tanis

 

(Greek; ancient Egyptian, Djane), an ancient city in the eastern Nile Delta, near present-day Lake Manzilah, in what is now the Arab Republic of Egypt.

Tanis was known as Avaris from the 17th to the 13th century B.C. and as Per-Ramses in the 13th and 12th centuries B.C., when it was the residence of the Egyptian pharaoh Ramses II. Tanis was made the capital of Egypt by the Tanite Nesubanebded (Greek, Smendes), who founded the 21st dynasty in the 11th century B.C.; it remained the capital until the accession of the 23rd dynasty.

In the Middle Ages, Tanis declined as a result of the subsidence of the soil and inundation of the locality by the salt waters of Lake Manzilah. Today, the fishing settlement of San al-Hajar al-Qibliyah is located on the site of Tanis. Excavations by the French Egyptologist P. Montet, conducted between 1929 and 1951, revealed the virtually intact tombs of kings of the 21st and 22nd dynasties.

The layout of Tanis is unknown. At the temple of Ramses II (13th—12th centuries B.C), two courtyards with six obelisks and a third courtyard with statues of the king have been unearthed. The only other major ensemble is a temple of the goddess Anat from the time of Ramses II.

REFERENCE

Montet, P. Tanis: Douze années de fouilles dans une capitale oubliée du delta égyptien. Paris, 1942.

Tanis

an ancient city located in the E part of the Nile delta: abandoned after the 6th century bc; at one time the capital of Egypt
References in periodicals archive ?
Tanis, a 37-year-old of Turkish descent, is being held on suspicion of "manslaughter with terrorist intent", although authorities have not ruled out other motives.
Gokmen Tanis, 37, is from Turkey's central Yozgat province, the scene of several anti-Daesh operations in recent years.
Tanis, 37, was arrested by Dutch police Monday evening after an eight-hour manhunt in a building not far from the scene of the attack.
During the hunt, police released a photo of a bearded Tanis on a tram in a blue hooded top.
Last night it was claimed the killings could have been a family dispute, in which Tanis was targeting a female relative and shot others who tried to help her.
Turkish-born suspect Gokmen Tanis was detained on Monday evening.
A few hours after the shooting, Utrecht police released a photo of a 37-year-old Turkish-born man they identified as Gokmen Tanis and said he was "associated with the incident".
"The police asks you to watch out for 37-year-old Gokmen Tanis (born in Turkey) in connection with this morning's incident," Dutch police said in a statement.
"La police recherche Gokmen Tanis, 37 ans (ne en Turquie) en lien avec l'incident de ce matin", indique la police d'Utrecht sur Twitter, enjoignant au public de "ne pas l'approcher".
"The police asks you to look out for the 37-year-old Gokmen Tanis (born in Turkey) associated with the incident this morning at the #24oktoberplein in #Utrecht.
Summary: Police said they were looking for a 37-year-old Turkish origin identified as Gokmen Tanis