Tank Army


Also found in: Acronyms.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tank Army

 

a strategic formation of ground forces based on tanks. Tank armies have been used independently or in cooperation with other armies to break through the defense, develop an offensive swiftly to the operational depth, capture operationally important areas and lines, pin down major enemy reserves, surround and wipe out groupings of enemy troops, and perform other operational missions.

Tank armies in the Soviet armed forces were first formed in May 1942. Initially they included tank, mechanized, and rifle large units; in 1943 tank armies of homogeneous composition were formed, consisting usually of two tank and one mechanized corps, as well as units and subunits of other combat arms and special troops. During the Great Patriotic War (1941–45), six tank armies were formed and saw action in combat operations; they received the honorary title of “guards” units.

At the onset of their invasion of the USSR, the armed forces of fascist Germany had four tank groups (Panzergruppen), which were reorganized as tank armies (Panzerarmeen), in 1941–42. In 1944 they had six tank armies, each with two to four corps including tank, motorized, and infantry divisions.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Russia also has army corps, which serve a similar function as a combined arms army or tank army. All army corps are currently oriented on coastal defense missions, and all except for one are assigned to, and collocated with, a naval feet headquarters.
For the purposes of this article and clarity, the term "army group" is defned as a ground-based operational-level command (combined arms army, tank army, or army corps) that functions as an intermediate command between a Joint Strategic Command (OSK) or naval feet, and tactical divisions and brigades.
The German 11th Panzer Division, 48th Panzer Corps (under Major General Hermann Balck), fought the Russian 1st Tank Corps, 5th Tank Army (under Major General V.V.