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Taranto(tä`räntō), Lat. Tarentum, city (1991 pop. 232,334), capital of Taranto prov., Apulia, S Italy, on the Gulf of Taranto, an arm of the Ionian Sea. Taranto is, after La SpeziaSpezia, La
, city (1991 pop. 101,442), capital of La Spezia prov., in Liguria, NW Italy, on the Gulf of La Spezia (an arm of the Ligurian Sea) and at the eastern end of the Riviera. It is the chief Italian naval station and arsenal and the seat of a navigation school.
..... Click the link for more information. , the chief military port of Italy, and it is also an agricultural, industrial, and fishing center. Manufactures include steel, metal products, refined petroleum, cement, machinery, and ships. Of note in Taranto are the cathedral (11th–12th cent., with a baroque facade), a castle (originally Byzantine, rebuilt in 1480), and the national museum (with a fine collection of Greek pottery).
Founded by colonists from SpartaSparta
, city of ancient Greece, capital of Laconia, on the Eurotas (Evrótas) River in the Peloponnesus. Spartan Society
Sparta's government was headed by two hereditary kings furnished by two families; they were titular leaders in battle and in religion.
..... Click the link for more information. in the 8th cent. B.C., Taranto was a town of Magna GraeciaMagna Graecia
[Lat.,=great Greece], Greek colonies of S Italy. The Greek overseas expansion of the 8th cent. B.C. founded a number of towns that became the centers of a new, thriving Greek territory.
..... Click the link for more information. and was powerful enough to resist the Romans until 272 B.C. It was destroyed (927) by the Arabs but was later rebuilt by the Byzantines. As a part of the kingdom of Naples the city was strongly fortified and was held as a principality by various lords. Its harbor, protected by the Italian fleet, was bombed several times in World War II. Much of the Italian navy was caught and destroyed there.
a port city in the Apulia Region of southern Italy. Situated on the Gulf of Taranto of the Ionian Sea. Capital of Taranto Province. Population, 234,600 (1973). Taranto is a major commercial port, with a freight turnover of 20.3 million tons (1972). A major industrial center of southern Italy, it is the site of the largest ferrous metallurgy plant in the country. It has oil-refining and by-product coke industries, shipbuilding, food processing, and the production of machine tools, electric motors, agricultural machinery, and cement. There is extensive fishing and oyster farming. Taranto has a seawater purification plant. The ancient city of Tarentum was located on the site of the modern city.
a gulf of the Ionian Sea in southern Italy; situated between the Salentina and Calabria peninsulas. The gulf is 138 km long and 133 km wide at the entrance, with a maximum depth of 2,657 m. Tides measure 0.3 m and are semidiurnal. The major port of Taranto is located at the head of the gulf.