Taras


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Related to Taras: Taras Bulba, Taras Shevchenko
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Taras

 

(also Tarentum), an ancient Greek colony in Italy located on the Gulf of Taranto, on the site of what is now the city of Taranto. Taras was founded by the Spartans in about 700 B.C. and was initially ruled by kings. A tyranny was established there in the second half of the sixth century B.C., and a slaveholding democracy was formed in the early fifth century. Taras flourished in the first half of the fourth century B.C., during the rule of the Pythagorean philosopher Archytas. At that time, it became an important trade and artisan center. In 272 B.C, after it was defeated by Rome in the war of 282–272, Taras became a dependent ally of Rome. During the Second Punic War, Taras supported Hannibal, but it was reconquered by the Romans in 209 B.C. Circa 125 B.C, the Roman colony of Neptunia was established on the site of Taras.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.