Tarasco


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Tarasco

 

(or Tarascans; self-designation, Purépecha), an Indian people in Mexico.

The Tarasco live in the state of Michoacán, mainly on the islands of Lake Pátzcuaro and in the areas around the lake, and in the states of Guanajuato, Jalisco, and Guerrero. They number approximately 50,000 (1970, estimate). Their unique language forms a separate family; most also speak Spanish.

In the early 16th century an independent early-state union, whose principal city was Tzintzuntzán, existed among the Tarasco. During the colonial period, groups of Spanish-speaking mestizos settled on the native lands of the Tarasco; however, the Tarasco preserved a considerable part of their ethnic territory along with the unique quality of their culture.

The main occupation of the Tarasco is farming (corn, vegetables, and fruits) and, among those living in the lake regions, fishing. Handicrafts are well developed; entire villages specialize in making mats, fishing nets, and pottery for the market.

The official religion of the Tarasco is Catholicism, although elements of pre-Christian beliefs have been retained.

REFERENCE

Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.
References in periodicals archive ?
Los estudios que se realizaron bajo el cobijo del Proyecto Tarasco (5), en muchos sentidos pioneros pues captaron los rastros, rostros e impacto de las migraciones precursoras que bajo el influjo del Programa Bracero (1942-1964) comenzaban a delinearse en la ultima decada de la primera mitad del siglo XX, estuvieron marcados por los enfoques, problemas y temas que las antropologias mexicana y estadounidense de la epoca compartian.
Al posto delle lavagne c'erano i balconi, nei gabinetti c'era la vasca da bagno e la mattina per entrare dovevo suonare il citofono alla bidella" (Curino, Tarasco and Vacis 33).
El objetivo y resultado de esta investigacion, tiene como proposito muy particular demostrar que, a diferencia de otras areas, una cantidad importante de senorios integrados al imperio tarasco, no fueron reconstituidos territorialmente como pueblo de indios coloniales, muchos fueron, tal vez, literalmente fundidos desde tiempos prehispanicos en otros pueblos o simplemente aniquilados, pero fueron absorbidos en otros para ser otorgados en una sola encomienda y por tanto reducidos a sujetos de otras cabeceras (Velazquez, 2008, p.
Osorio Chong denied that the emergence of the self-defense groups in the northern region of Michoacan, primarily home to Tarasco and Purepecha indigenous communities, was an indication that the state and federal governments had lost control of the area.
Tarasco (joe@accountantsadvisory.com) is the founder of Accountants Advisory Group LLC in Cold Spring, N.Y.