Targum


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Targum

(tär`gəm) [Aramaic,=translation], Aramaic paraphrase of the Hebrew Bible. When Aramaic replaced the Hebrew tongue among the Jews of Palestine and Babylon, interpreters were called to translate and explain the scriptural passages that were read aloud during synagogue services. The oral Aramaic paraphrases were, in the course of time, put down in writing under the name Targum. One of the best-known Targums extant is the Targum Onkelos (see OnkelosOnkelos
, 2d cent. A.D., translator of the Hebrew Bible into Aramaic, his work later being given the title Targum Onkelos (see Targum). A proselyte, he gained the respect of the leading Hebrew scholars of his day.
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). The Targum is printed in the margin of corresponding parts of the Bible. A complete manuscript of a Palestinian Targum, the first of its kind, was found in 1956.
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References in periodicals archive ?
This scholarly study offers a language analysis of the Aramaic translation, or targum, of the Old Testament's Song of Songs.
Targum will become the scientific director of Bracket and will work closely with Bracket's senior vice president and chief medical officer, David Daniel, MD.
Looking for points at which the presentation of Isaiah in Romans and that of the Targum to Isaiah use language or articulate themes--whether in making the same point or in Pauline polemic against the thrust of the Targum--that were not present in the original text of Isaiah, DelRio finds Paul very much "in conversation" with the Targum and the world whence it arose.
This is the description given by the traditional Targum translation.
The second half of the book explores ancient Arabian, Yemeni, Ethiopian, and Eritrean tales of the Queen of Sheba, from the Hebrew Bible, Talmud, Targum Sheni, and Midrash to The Book of the Cave of Treasures, and concludes with an analysis of whether Sheba was a divine princess, clues to her identity, and the real extent and location of her empire.
It is for such a world, i maintain, that scriptures were recorded: so that scriptures may be read in public into memory, with later situations requiring that they are translated (targum) (7) and explained (midrash), (8) mended and healed (tikkun).
But a later Aramaic Targum does not provide anything like stringent reasons for holding that pre-Christian Judaism already acknowledged the messianic identity of that Isaian figure (43M4).
<a href="http://www.dailytargum.com/news/nj-folk-festival-delivers-taste-of-bulgarian-culture/article_1c6dcad4-927f-11e1-bf16-0019bb30f31a.html" target="_blank">from Daily Targum
He studied the Old Testament, the text and commentaries of the Talmud, the Mishna and Gemara, also delving into the intricacies of Biblical exegesis and the Targum.
It is written in the biblical commentary that Miriam taught women (Targum Michah) and in the book of Exodus she leads them in rhythm and song praising the Divine for leading the Hebrews to safe passage from slavery through the treacherous parted seas.
In his days before joining E&P, Astor served as editor-in-chief of Rutgers University's Daily Targum, and then worked as a reporter for The Daily Register in Shrewsbury, N.J.