Targum

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Targum

(tär`gəm) [Aramaic,=translation], Aramaic paraphrase of the Hebrew Bible. When Aramaic replaced the Hebrew tongue among the Jews of Palestine and Babylon, interpreters were called to translate and explain the scriptural passages that were read aloud during synagogue services. The oral Aramaic paraphrases were, in the course of time, put down in writing under the name Targum. One of the best-known Targums extant is the Targum Onkelos (see OnkelosOnkelos
, 2d cent. A.D., translator of the Hebrew Bible into Aramaic, his work later being given the title Targum Onkelos (see Targum). A proselyte, he gained the respect of the leading Hebrew scholars of his day.
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). The Targum is printed in the margin of corresponding parts of the Bible. A complete manuscript of a Palestinian Targum, the first of its kind, was found in 1956.
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References in periodicals archive ?
This Aramaic translation, also known as the Targum Yerushalmi, was often mistakenly attributed to Jonathan ben Uzziel, author of the Aramaic translation of the Prophets.
A remarkable statement in the Targum Yerushalmi commentary on Genesis 10:9 supports both this understanding of Nimrod's character, and our identification of him with Hammurabi.
(4.) Azariah dei Rossi, 16th century, noted in his book Me'or Einayim that people misunderstood the Hebrew abbreviation TY as Targum Yonatan when Targum Yerushalmi was intended.