Targum

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Targum

(tär`gəm) [Aramaic,=translation], Aramaic paraphrase of the Hebrew Bible. When Aramaic replaced the Hebrew tongue among the Jews of Palestine and Babylon, interpreters were called to translate and explain the scriptural passages that were read aloud during synagogue services. The oral Aramaic paraphrases were, in the course of time, put down in writing under the name Targum. One of the best-known Targums extant is the Targum Onkelos (see OnkelosOnkelos
, 2d cent. A.D., translator of the Hebrew Bible into Aramaic, his work later being given the title Targum Onkelos (see Targum). A proselyte, he gained the respect of the leading Hebrew scholars of his day.
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). The Targum is printed in the margin of corresponding parts of the Bible. A complete manuscript of a Palestinian Targum, the first of its kind, was found in 1956.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Insofar as any single argument unifies the book, it is an effort to bring the analytical threads I have noted--the Cold War, exceptionalism, and targumic reworking of scripture--into dialogue with the above-mentioned films about the Bible, science fiction, and baseball.
something also found throughout later Targumic Aramaic (SN).
addresses a popular audience, as when he must explain what the Vulgate is, and at other times he addresses an audience familiar with targumic and Qumran literature.
There was, however, opposition to committing targumic renderings to writing, for fear that people would think them as sacred as the Torah text itself (TB Meg.
College London) presents a critical text, translation, and commentary of the Targumic Toseftot (a supplement to the Mishnah) to the book of Ezekiel.
In Isaac Kalimi's article "Targumic and Midrashic Exegesis in Contradiction to the Peshat of Biblical Text," the reader is treated to a wealth of cases in which the Rabbis deliberately part from the plain meaning of the biblical text in order to arrive at a certain interpretation.
In fact, there is evidence to suggest a connection between the targumic Haggadah on the akedah and both the Hebrew and Targum of Is.
In particular he focuses on three scrolls from Qumran, where he finds examples of targumic (11 QtgJob), midrashic (4QFlor), and pesher (1QpHab) processes, as well as some `shadows of Hillel's exegetical rules'.
(2) One can understand the targumic and midrashic reading of Song of Songs and the Akivan and talmudic view which reads every "Solomon" as a name of God as part of the allegorization process of Song of Songs.
The situation in Targumic Aramaic mirrors that of Biblical Aramaic in that both of these particles are extant, namely hl' and hlw.
The essays illustrate Klein's scholarship in three key areas: the preparation and publication of critical scientific editions with commentary, analysis of the varieties of targumic method as applied to different texts, and bibliographic studies.
This monograph provides solid evidence for the Targumic position that should serve as a basis for scholarly acceptance of McNamara's perspective.