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in taxation: see tarifftariff,
tax on imported and, more rarely, exported goods. It is also called a customs duty. Tariffs may be distinguished from other taxes in that their predominant purpose is not financial but economic—not to increase a nation's revenue but to protect domestic industries
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; excise taxesexcise taxes,
governmental levies on specific goods produced and consumed inside a country. They differ from tariffs, which usually apply only to foreign-made goods, and from sales taxes, which typically apply to all commodities other than those specifically exempted.
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a category of ethics that expresses the moral task of a particular individual, group of individuals, class, or people under specific social conditions and situations, a task that for them becomes an internally acceptable obligation. In this respect duty differs from the more abstract concept of what is due or fitting, which encompasses all the demands made on people in the form of norms.

In the history of mankind’s moral consciousness, duty has been interpreted in different ways, according to social or class conceptions of man’s obligations at a particular period in history; it has always been connected with specific problems of a time and of a given society. The concept of duty has included the fulfillment of the “simplest rules of the community of man,” which had been developed in the course of history. The problem of the nature of duty has always given rise to disagreement among the various schools and trends of philosophical ethics. The foundations of duty have been connected with the interpretation of moral necessity—the fulfillment of divine commands, cosmic or supernatural laws, official or unofficial social precepts, or self-realization of the internal potential of the personality.

In Marxist ethics, moral duty is regarded as the concretization of general requirements of morality, which have a historical origin and which pertain to existing circumstances, conditions, and a person’s abilities and potentials. These requirements determine the conditions and degree of his responsibility and constitute his motives and conscience. Thus, duty expresses the moral specifics of the socio-ideological position of personality with respect to the existing social situation and to the conflict and disposition of class forces, as well as the moral specifics of internal convictions and the means of their realization.


Marx, K., and F. Engels. “Nemetskaia ideologiia.” Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 3, pp. 235-36.
Lenin, V. I. “Gosudarstvo i revoliutsiia.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 33, chap. 5.
Lenin, V. I. “Zadachi soiuzov molodezhi.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 41.
Arkhangel’skii, L. M. Kategorii marksistskoi etiki. Moscow, 1963.


What does it mean when you dream about duty?

To feel bound by duty in a dream may be a reflection of the dreamer’s past experiences in the military. If, however, the dreamer is overly concerned with duty in their dreams, perhaps compulsive behavior or control issues are posing problems.


1. a government tax, esp on imports
2. Brit
a. the quantity or intensity of work for which a machine is designed
b. a measure of the efficiency of a machine
References in periodicals archive ?
Prior to the US imposition of the tariff rate quota in July 1999, the New Zealand industry's lobbying on the lamb issue depended on the New Zealand Embassy in Washington and the Australian sheep industry, which had a former ITC staff member on its payroll.
The objective of this study is to determine how the effects of a fixed tariff rate policy under a cost-based informational asymmetry, made credible by uninformed policymakers, differ from the standard full information effects.
The union applies the tariff rate of 6 percent and the non-union country the 20 percent tariff rate.
The new tariff rates for parking lots are Dhs 3 for one hour, Dhs 6 for two hours, Dhs 8 for three hours, Dhs 12 for four hours, Dhs 15 for five hours and Dhs 20 for twenty-four hours.
The ITC version of the tariff-rate quota scheme set the tariff rate at a considerably lower level than the ASI demand, that is, only on imports above the 1998 level, as opposed to the ASI-demanded `pre-surge' level of 1995.
The finalization of tariff rate at which power would be supplied has been the major issue between the government and private sector resulting in delay in functioning of power projects in Thar coalfield.
Immediately provide duty-free tariff rate quotas on standard beef, chicken leg quarters, dairy products, corn, sorghum, animal feeds, rice, and soybean oil.
Tariff rate quotas were introduced in 2003 on barley and low and medium-quality wheat in response to large imports from Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries.
Guatemala and the United States also reached a bilateral agreement for Guatemala to establish a tariff rate quota allowing imports of 1,000 metric tons of processed chicken leg quarters to enter duty free each year through December 31, 2021.
You have the ability to increase the tariff rate quota for sugar imports immediately, in any amount you choose.
aFor salted poultry meat, currently subject to a bound tariff rate of 15.
The average Japanese tariff rate on agricultural imports is 20.