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in taxation: see tarifftariff,
tax on imported and, more rarely, exported goods. It is also called a customs duty. Tariffs may be distinguished from other taxes in that their predominant purpose is not financial but economic—not to increase a nation's revenue but to protect domestic industries
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; excise taxesexcise taxes,
governmental levies on specific goods produced and consumed inside a country. They differ from tariffs, which usually apply only to foreign-made goods, and from sales taxes, which typically apply to all commodities other than those specifically exempted.
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a category of ethics that expresses the moral task of a particular individual, group of individuals, class, or people under specific social conditions and situations, a task that for them becomes an internally acceptable obligation. In this respect duty differs from the more abstract concept of what is due or fitting, which encompasses all the demands made on people in the form of norms.

In the history of mankind’s moral consciousness, duty has been interpreted in different ways, according to social or class conceptions of man’s obligations at a particular period in history; it has always been connected with specific problems of a time and of a given society. The concept of duty has included the fulfillment of the “simplest rules of the community of man,” which had been developed in the course of history. The problem of the nature of duty has always given rise to disagreement among the various schools and trends of philosophical ethics. The foundations of duty have been connected with the interpretation of moral necessity—the fulfillment of divine commands, cosmic or supernatural laws, official or unofficial social precepts, or self-realization of the internal potential of the personality.

In Marxist ethics, moral duty is regarded as the concretization of general requirements of morality, which have a historical origin and which pertain to existing circumstances, conditions, and a person’s abilities and potentials. These requirements determine the conditions and degree of his responsibility and constitute his motives and conscience. Thus, duty expresses the moral specifics of the socio-ideological position of personality with respect to the existing social situation and to the conflict and disposition of class forces, as well as the moral specifics of internal convictions and the means of their realization.


Marx, K., and F. Engels. “Nemetskaia ideologiia.” Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 3, pp. 235-36.
Lenin, V. I. “Gosudarstvo i revoliutsiia.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 33, chap. 5.
Lenin, V. I. “Zadachi soiuzov molodezhi.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 41.
Arkhangel’skii, L. M. Kategorii marksistskoi etiki. Moscow, 1963.


What does it mean when you dream about duty?

To feel bound by duty in a dream may be a reflection of the dreamer’s past experiences in the military. If, however, the dreamer is overly concerned with duty in their dreams, perhaps compulsive behavior or control issues are posing problems.


1. a government tax, esp on imports
2. Brit
a. the quantity or intensity of work for which a machine is designed
b. a measure of the efficiency of a machine
References in periodicals archive ?
Analysing the data and using product classifications from World Integrated Trade Solutions (WITS), Pakistan imposes higher tariff rates on the imports of finished goods than several other Asian countries such as China, India and Vietnam.
Serrano said notifying the World Trade Organization (WTO) that Manila would impose a 400-percent bound tariff rate on out-quota rice imports may put the Philippines at the mercy of other member-countries of the WTO.
The underlying premise of the endogenous tariff theory (Brock and Magee, 1978; Findlay and Wellisz, 1982) is that "political decisions on tariff rates are reflections of the selfish economic interests of voters, lobbying groups, politicians, or other decision makers in trade policy matters" (Mayer, 1984, p.
The crucial issue of tariff rate on power generation has so far halted the development of coal-based power plants in Thar coalfield.
Last year, the TC, in collaboration with the BOC and with the support from the United States Agency for International Development, began updating and augmenting the PTF's features such as development of a multi-search function and expansion of the database to include other important information such as applicable tariff rates under the reciprocity arrangements in several free trade agreements and the rules of origin criteria used to determine a product's eligibility for preferential tariff treatment.
Even though tariff rates have dropped from 43p to 15.
The new tariff rates are to be submitted by the Ministry of Justice with the Council of Ministers for approval.
International Resource News-December 29, 2010--Anglo American PLC secures long-term tariff rates for Brazilian iron ore project(C)1994-2010 ENPublishing - http://www.
The economic reason for this result hinges on the correlation between tariff rates and import demand elasticities.
Most obviously, in the absence of any deliberate misreporting, there should be no relationship between tariff rates and the import-export reporting gap.
Summary: Global marine terminal operator DP World's UAE Region today announced that it will maintain 2008 tariff rates this year at its flagship Jebel Ali Port.
Tariff rates in developing economies are less than a third of the levels prevailing in 1980, and the absolute level of such tariffs today is less than 10 percent.