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Tarija(tärē`hä), city (1992 pop. 90,113), alt. 6,421 ft (1,957 m), capital of Tarija dept., S Bolivia. It was founded in 1574. Tarija lies in a fertile valley in the eastern watershed of the Andes near the oil fields of the Chaco. Lack of communications has retarded commercial growth, but the rich soil and moderate climate have made Tarija famous for vineyards and orchards that grow olives, pears, peaches, and apples. It has a university.
a city in southern Bolivia, capital of Tarija Department; situated on the upper Tarija River. Population, 35,700 (1970). Tarija is the commercial center of an agricultural region. Food processing is the major industry, represented by a sugar refinery and a winery. Oil is drilled near the city. Tarija has a university founded in 1574.