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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) Among Turkic peoples in the Middle Ages, a feudal lord (prince) or a person of any of several other social groups free of taxation.

(2) The tax-exempt lands and property of the feudal lords of the Transcaucasus, Middle Asia, and the khanates of Kazan, Astrakhan, and the Crimea.

(3) A kind of medieval Russian public-legal document (see).


Kashtanov, S. M. “K voprosu o klassifikatsii i sostavlenii zagolovkov zhalovannykh gramot.” Istoricheskii arkhiv, 1956, no. 3.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Earlier, Mr Ghani along with MNA Agha Rafiullah, Karamullah Wasi, Shahjahan Khan and others offered fateha for the departed souls and condoled the deaths with Roohul Ameen, Mohammad Jamil, Mohammad Jamal, Omar Daraz, Abdul Wahab, Haji Tarkhan, Haji Mohabbat Khan, Haji Khaista Khan and Haji Adrakhan.
The center of the Astrakhan region is city Astrakhan, named after Haji Tarkhan in the XIII-XIV centuries, became an important trading center on the seabed of the Volga River, located on the Silk Road in the Caspian Sea.
to Ghiyath al-Din Tarkhan, an emir in Temur's (Tamerlane's) service, and married Shah Rukh ca.
The group Katibat Abd al-Rahman, also known as Tarkhan's Jamaat, is a small faction led by experienced Chechen militant Tarkhan Gaziev.
In 1555, the Portuguese were invited by Mirza Isa Tarkhan (d.
In the summer of that year, Tarkhan Batirashvili, a Georgian Chechen better known by his kunya (nom de guerre) of Omar al-Shishani (Omar the Chechen) established the Muhajireen Brigade in Syria composed almost entirely of battle-tested Muslims from the Russian Federation.
Born with the name Tarkhan Tayumurazovich Batirashvili, the notorious militant once fought as a rebel in Chechnya before joining Georgia's military in 2006.
Shishani, whose real name is Tarkhan Batirashvili, was a battle-hardened fighter originally from Georgia's Pankisi Gorge region.
In 2012, Tarkhan Batirashvili set off from his home in ex-Soviet Georgia on a journey that would pave the way to last week's suicide attack on Istanbul airport.