Tarquinii

(redirected from Tarquinia)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Tarquinia: Cerveteri, nullities

Tarquinii

(tärkwĭn`ēī), ancient city of Etruria, central Italy, NW of Rome. The head of the Etruscan League, it was defeated in wars with Rome in the 4th cent. B.C. In the 3d cent. B.C. it lost its independence. Tarquinii continued to exist far into the Christian era and was sacked by the Arabs. After the 9th cent. A.D. it was superseded by nearby Corneto, which is now called Tarquinia and has a museum with Etruscan antiquities. Much knowledge of Etruscan life has been gained from paintings on the walls of tombs in the necropolis of Tarquinii.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tarquinii

 

(Etruscan Tarchuna), an ancient Etruscan city north of Rome, at the site of present-day Tarquinia, in Italy. Monuments of the Villanovan culture testify to the settlement’s early origins. Archaeological remains include the ruins of defensive walls dating from the fifth to fourth centuries B.C., the foundation and terra-cotta reliefs of a large temple, sarcophagi adorned with sculptures, and numerous frescoes in catacombs dating from the seventh to first centuries B.C. According to legend, Tarquinii, founded by Tarchon of Lydia, belonged to the Etruscan alliance of 12 cities and was the birthplace of Tarquinius Priscus. The city lost its independence early in the third century B.C. after a series of wars with Rome in 359–351 B.C. and 310–308 B.C.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are certain structural similarities between Libro de la mansedumbre and Sepulcro en Tarquinia, Colinas' poetry book about Italy where he includes a long poem also titled "Sepulcro en Tarquinia".
Lawrence provides striking descriptions of the characters that he encountered in Etruria: there is Albertino, the 14-year-old Dickensian manager of Gentile's hotel in Tarquinia; the young German archaeologist 'who looks as if he'd had vinegar for breakfast'; and Luigi and Marco, the maremmani who serve as guides to Vulci.
The tomb in Tarquinia contained two individuals, one holding spear initially identified as male and the cremated remains of another, labeled his wife.
Among the many wine vessels in the exhibition are a fine Attic red-figure kylix by the Tarquinia Painter.
From Mexico, from the Congo, even from the cemeteries of Tarquinia, those dark gods, of which D.H.
Essential oil of Mentha suaveolens (EOMS) was obtained from wild-type plants grown in Tarquinia forests (Rome, Italy) and extracted by 4-h hydro distillation of the leaves using a Clevenger-type apparatus as previously described (Angiolella et al., 2010), then analyzed for chemical composition by gas chromatography.
Il est permis de penser ici a l'exemple des cavaliers qui figurent sur la tombe Querciola de Tarquinia qui pourrait dater de la fin Veme-debut IVeme siecle avant notre ere.
She was born and raised in Worcester, the proud daughter of Italian immigrants, Giovanni "John" and Tarquinia "Mary" (Velletri) Germani.