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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city and administrative center of Tarusa Raion, Kaluga Oblast, RSFSR. Landing on the left bank of the Oka River 36 km above Serpukhov, with which it is linked by bus and steamboat services. Located 76 km northeast of Kaluga.

The earliest mentions of Tarusa date from 1246. From the late 13th century it was the center of an independent principality, but by the end of the 14th century it had become part of Moscow Principality. From the 15th to the 17th century it guarded the southern approaches to Moscow, from 1708 it was part of Moscow Province, and from 1776 it was the district capital of the Kaluga Namestnichestvo (Vicegerency; from 1796, Kaluga Province). Soviet power was established on Dec. 27, 1917. From 1937, Tarusa was a raion administrative center in Tula Oblast, and from 1944, a raion administrative center in Kaluga Oblast. From Oct. 24 to Dec. 19, 1941, it was occupied by fascist German troops.

Tarusa is the site of the Khudozhestvennaia Vyshivka Factory, successor of the Tarusa Artel of Embroideresses, founded in 1924. The factory carries on the traditions of Kaluga embroidery. Tarusa also has an experimental factory of the Scientific Research Institute of Art Industry.

The artist V. E. Borisov-Musatov, the crystallographer G. V. Vul’f, the writer K. G. Paustovskii, and the sculptor V. A. Vatagin all lived in Tarusa for many years and are buried there. The house of V. D. Polenov is located nearby and is now a museum. The picturesqueness of the city and its environs has attracted many well-known artists, including N. P. Krymov, A. V. Grigor’-ev, and V. N. Baksheev. There is a picture gallery in the city.


Gostunskii, N. N. Tarusadrevnii gorod na Oke. Moscow, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
He helped school children in Tarusa to organize their Vasiliy Pronchishchev Club for Young Polyarniki.
Israeli troops stormed the village of Tarusa, southwest of Hebron, and notified the family of Rami Masalmeh, who is currently incarcerated in Israeli jails, about their intent to demolish their home.
Tsvetaeva spent most of her childhood and adolescence in Moscow and Tarusa, and frequently accompanied her ailing mother to Germany, France and Switzerland, thus developing her fluency in German, French and Italian.
Though it was quite out of the ordinary for Russia, he was given a license and allowed to open up a shop south of Moscow in Tarusa.
"All poets are Jews," Celan writes as his epigraph to "And with the Book from Tarusa. (38) The poet has the responsibility to present an ethical model, a model that insists on ethics even as-because--it grows out of the deepest suffering.
Focusing on the needs of women and children, the Tarusa Women's Organization (Tarusskaia organizatsiia zhenshchin) has issued a publication of local news and projects entitled Tarusia's World (Mir Tarusy).
6-9: Workshop on Nonlinear Structures in Magnetized Plasmas, Tarusa, Kaluga Region, Russia.
For years Paustovsky ran a seminar for young writers; his anthology of their and others ' work, Tarusskie stranitsy ( Pages from Tarusa, 1961), was one of the literary highlights of Khrushchev 's thaw.
Widely popular in the Soviet Union for his ballads on war and life in Russia after the death of Stalin, Okudzhava is also known for his poetry, which first appeared in a collection entitled Lirika (1956), for his short story " Good Luck, Schoolboy," which was published in Konstantin Paustovsky's anthology Tarusskiye stranitsy (1961; translated as Pages from Tarusa, 1964), and for his novels The Extraordinary Adventures of Secret Agent Shipov in Pursuit of Count Leo Tolstoy in the Year 1862 (1973) and Nocturne: From the Notes of Lt.