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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the indigenous inhabitants of the island of Tasmania, who were exterminated by English colonialists between 1803 and 1876.

According to estimates, the Tasmanians numbered several thousand by the early 19th century. With regard to economy, technology, and culture, they were one of the world’s most backward ethnic groups in the 19th century. Their tribal languages and dialects (see) and their social system have virtually not been studied; the question of their origin has also not been resolved. Information about the existence of religious beliefs among the Tasmanians is contradictory and is evaluated in various ways by scholars.


Narody Avstralii i Okeanii. Moscow, 1956.
Robinson, R. The Man Who Sold His Dreaming. Sydney, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Tasmanian devil is one of Australia's most iconic and unique animals.
A determined group of academics, scientists, conservationists and wildlife lovers in Australia's southern island state are battling against time and the cruel brunt of nature in an bid to save the Tasmanian devil from a mysterious cancer.
Lyndall Ryan has done, once again, a credible research into both her Introduction and Introduction to the Second Edition of this latest publication of The Aboriginal Tasmanians. Her explanation on the first page of her Introduction to the Second Edition for using the term, 'Aboriginal Tasmanians', which has a conflict with Aboriginal concepts of sovereignty, provides a statement of the real issue between blacks and whites in Australia.
In general, The Aboriginal Tasmanians provides a good overview of Indigenous history in Tasmania, written in a compassionate style.
The bones referred to in the title are the skeletal remains of mainly 19th century Tasmanian Aborigines collected by Western scholars for their scientific value.
Some researchers cite anatomical links -- often based on measurements of the brain case and teeth -- between Tasmanian and Australian aborigines, suggesting the former group migrated from Australia across an ancient land bridge to their island home, about 200 miles to the south.