Tatar Strait

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Tatar Strait,

narrow body of water, c.350 mi (560 km) long and from 5 to 80 mi (8–129 km) wide, S Russian Far East, between the island of Sakhalin and the Asian mainland. It connects the Sea of Japan, in the south, with the Sea of Okhotsk, in the north. Sovyetskaya Gavan, a fishing port, naval base, and terminus for the Baykal-Amur Mainline (BAM) is on the strait. Pipelines across the strait link Sakhalin's oil fields with mainland refineries.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tatar Strait


a strait between the Asian mainland and Sakhalin Island, connecting the Sea of Japan with the Sea of Okhotsk. The strait is 633 km long and has a maximum width of 342 km in the south and 40 km in the north; at its narrowest point—Nevel’skoi Strait—it is only 7.3 km wide. The fairway has a minimum depth of 7.2 m. The northern part of the strait is called the Amur Estuary. Some geographers do not consider the Nevel’skoi Strait and Amur Estuary to be part of the Tatar Strait. The shores of the Tatar Strait are hilly in the south and flat in the north.

The average water temperature in summer is 10°–12°C. In winter the strait is icebound; in the north a solid sheet of ice covers the strait and its shores, and in the south ice floes fill the open water. The semidiurnal and mixed tides found in the south rise to 2.7 m, and the irregular diurnal tides of the Amur Estuary exceed 2 m.

Among the fish caught in the strait are herring, flounder, halibut, and navaga. Maritime shipping routes link the Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan with the mouth of the Amur River and the mainland with Sakhalin Island. The main ports on the strait are Sovetskaia Gavan’, Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinskii, Lesogorsk, and Uglegorsk.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Tatar Strait

an arm of the Pacific between the mainland of SE Russia and Sakhalin Island, linking the Sea of Japan with the Sea of Okhotsk. Length: about 560 km (350 miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Rescuers spotted emergency lights on the Tatar Strait before they saw the pilot on it. Meanwhile, the other plane landed at the Khurba base with a failed engine.
Phase one of the project consists of the Chayvo field onshore processing facility and a 140-mile pipeline to transport crude west across Sakhalin Island and the Tatar Strait to the DeKastri terminal in the Russian Far East, where it is exported to international buyers.
The agency will project the heights of tidal waves in four areas -- the southern coast of the Korean Peninsula, the eastern coast of the peninsula, the Russian coast facing the Sea of Japan, and the Russian coast facing the Tatar Strait.
The severity of this problem is highlighted in a recent article describing the crash of a Soviet Naval Aviation Tu-22M Blinder in the Tatar Straits in which all but one of the crew perished due to lack of survival gear.
ENL is moving forward on construction of an oil project with a pipeline starting just north of the city of Nogliki, crossing the northern part of Sakhalin, running under the Tatar Straits to the mainland and ending at an oil export terminal at DiKastri, Khabarovsk Krai.