Tatian

(redirected from Tatian the Assyrian)

Tatian

(tā`shən), 2d cent., Christian apologist. Probably born in Syria, he was a pupil of Justin MartyrJustin Martyr, Saint,
c.A.D. 100–c.A.D. 165, Christian apologist, called also Justin the Philosopher. Born in Samaria of pagan parents, he studied philosophy, and after his conversion in Ephesus to Christianity at about the age of 38, he went from place to place trying to
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. After his master's death, he left Christianity, becoming an Encratitic Gnostic—i.e., he regarded all matter as evil and denied the salvation of Adam. While a Christian, he wrote Oratio ad Graecos [address to the Greeks] (152–55), a defense of Christianity bolstered by a bitter attack on Greek arts, philosophers, and institutions, and the Diatessaron, a harmony of the four Gospels that was long the only life of Jesus available in Syria.
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They include Basilides the Gnostic, the school of Valentinus, Tatian the Assyrian, the egalitarian and ecstatic new prophecy of Montanism, Ebionites, Nazarenes, and the Jewish Christianity of the Pseudo-Clementines.