Tatpurusha


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tatpurusha

 

in ancient Indian grammar and later in comparative historical grammar as well, a class of compound words; also, a word belonging to this class. Tatpurushas are also referred to as determinative, attributive, appositive, and subordinating compounds. In these compounds the meaning of the last constituent is modified by the first constituent; consequently, the interrelationship of the constituents is similar to case-governed relationships.

In some languages, for example, in Sanskrit, the first constituent of a tatpurusha may be both a word stem and a case form. Examples are Sanskrit svarga-gati (“the way to heaven”) and vane-cara (“the one living in the forest”), Russian krovoprolitie (“bloodshed”; from prolitie krovi, “shedding of blood”) and vodoprovod (“water conduit”; from to, chto provodit vodu, “that which conducts water”), German Königshaus (“king’s house”), and English doorknob.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.