Taurine

(redirected from Taurin)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to Taurin: Guarana

taurine

[′tȯ‚rēn]
(organic chemistry)
NH2CH2CH2SO3H A crystalline compound that decomposes at about 300°C; present in bile combined with cholic acid.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Taurine

 

also known as β-aminoethanesulfonic acid, H2NCH2CH2SO3H, a natural amino sulfonic acid.

Taurine is readily soluble in water but poorly soluble in organic solvents. Its melting point is 328°–329°C (with decomposition). Taurine is present in large quantities in the muscles of some mollusks and worms. In vertebrates, including man, it is found in the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, muscles, liver, kidneys, blood, and milk. Amides consisting of taurine and bile acids—for example, taurocholic acid—are constituents of mammalian bile that assist in the emulsification and absorption of fats. Taurine is synthesized in the organism by enzymic oxidation of the sulfhydryl group (—SH) and by decarboxylation of the amino acid cysteine. Taurine is excreted with urine, both in the free state and in the form of derivatives with guanidine or carbamic acid. Upon entering the intestine, taurine is broken down to inorganic sulfides by the microflora.

REFERENCE

Meister, A. Biokhimiia aminokislot. Moscow, 1961. (Translated from English.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Enerji iceceklerinin iceriginde esas olarak kafein ve eslik eden taurin, inositol, riboflavin, piridoksin, nikotinamid, diger B vitaminleri ve cesitli bitkisel turevler de bulunmaktadir (3).
Investigated agents are vitamin E, vitamin C, lipoic acid and taurin. In most of the studies, kidney protective effects were shown due to decreased oxidative stress, reduction of renal lipid peroxidation index, and secondary to replacement of decreased renal cortical glutathione.
indicus), and also published sequences for 31 Japanese Black cattle, 45 European breed cattle, six African zebus, two African taurines, and six Indian zebus, using five American bisons as an outgroup.
Notice le front taurin, le nez obstine in comparison with the
(7.) Lesnicenoks, P., Grinberga, L., Jekabsons, L., Berzina, A., Taurins, G., and Kleperis, J.
<B Andrew Gwatkin, Marie Brousseau-Navarro, Andy Taurins and Helga Rother Simmonds
Tom Schaefer and Andy Taurins have joined the Investment Banking Department of Seaport Global Securities ("Seaport") as Managing Directors and Co-Heads of the firm's Acquisitions & Divestitures ("A&D") practice, the company said.
After his controversial comments about rubbish and City Road in Cardiff, the Latvian Honorary Consul to Wales and chairman of the Wales Baltic Society Andris Taurins said that Mr Bennett should withdraw the comments "or you run the risk of being the labelled the Donald Trump of Wales".
The official signing was also attended by Signe Pujate, director of the Latvian National Culture Center of the Ministry of Culture; Aivars Taurins, chairman of the board at Rigas Mezi Ltd.; architect Juris Poga; architect Austris Mailitis; as well as concert director of the 2018 Song and Dance Festival, Ugis Brikmanis.