Tax, Sol(1907– ) cultural anthropologist; born in Chicago. Educated at the Universities of Wisconsin and Chicago (Ph.D. 1935), he carried out field studies among the North American, Guatemalan, and Mexican Indians, and had a long career as a professor of anthropology at Chicago. As a longtime associate at the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, he promoted many expeditions and field campaigns. His publications include Evolution after Darwin (3 vols. 1960). He was editor of American Anthropologist from 1953–56.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.