Taxila


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Taxila

(tăk`sĭlŭ), archaeological site of three successive cities, near Rawalpindi, Pakistan. There between the 7th cent. B.C. and the 7th cent. A.D. was a flourishing city, famous as an ancient seat of learning. It was occupied (326 B.C.) by Alexander the Great, became prosperous under the empire of Aśoka, and was overrun (c.1st–2d cent. A.D.) by the Kushans. It was a center of Buddhist studies and was visited in the 7th cent. by Hsüan-tsangHsüan-tsang
, 605?–664, Chinese Buddhist scholar and translator. He early entered monastic life and later traveled in China, teaching and studying. Between 629 and 645 he made a pilgrimage to India in search of authentic scriptures.
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. There are remains of Buddhist stupas and monasteries as well as sculpture of the Gandharan school of art.

Taxila

 

in ancient times, a city located in the northwestern part of the Hindustan Peninsula, 35 km from the present-day city of Rawalpindi in Pakistan. Taxila was at first the capital of the Gan-dhara state; in the third and second centuries B.C., it was the administrative center of the northwestern part of the Mauryan empire. The oldest archaeological layer of Taxila dates from the sixth century B.C.

Taxila was a major trading and crafts center and a crossroad of Indian, Hellenic, Iranian, and Middle Asian cultures. It was also a center of ancient Indian science and education. In the second half of the fifth century, Taxila was severely damaged by Hephthalite invasions; during the seventh century it was gradually abandoned by its inhabitants. Excavations begun in 1913 have made it possible to trace the city’s uninterrupted history for more than a thousand years. These excavations have yielded valuable materials for the study of numerous aspects of ancient Indian life.

REFERENCES

Il’in, G. F. Drevnii indiiskii gorod Taksila. Moscow, 1958.
Marshall, J. Taxila, vols. 1–3. Cambridge, England, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
The residents then alerted the police and contingents from Taxila, Wah Cantonment and Wah Saddar reached the spot.
WAH CANTT -- Despite passage of over a month, Taxila police is yet to take action on directives of City police officer, Rawalpindi for holding impartial inquiry against local land mafia and providing justice to a victim whose property was allegedly occupied by land grabbers .
The bilingual application, developed by the Technology for People's Initiative (TPI) at LUMS is audio and text enabled, with pictures and panoramas of the Taxila world heritage site.
TLA also handed out activity kits to students, and students presented speeches and poems centred around the activities conducted through the project, and the remarkable aspects of the Taxila world heritage site.
Similarly, Taxila police arrested Sheraz on recovery of 1300 grams charras.
Former interior minister, addressing a rally in Taxila, criticised Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) by saying that "those who raised slogans in support of former dictator Pervez Musharraf and Pakistan People's Party leader late Benazir Bhutto, are now supporting PTI.
Rawalpindi -- Two girls have allegedly been abducted within the Sadiqabad and Taxila Police jurisdictions.
Situated at the pivotal junction of trade routes of South Asia and Central Asia in the lush green valleys of Margalla, Taxila city grew from the 8th Century BCE to 5th century AD, to become a prominent centre of ancient civilizations, with a diverse range of ruling dynasties, including Persian, Greek and Indian cultural stock.
The 14th convocation of the University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Taxila, has been held at the Jinnah Convention Centre in Islamabad.
Islamabad An almost century old set of buildings, covered with lush green weed, in the Pakistani city of Taxila is the treasure trove of the lost civilisation -- once thriving in the country's north-western region around 7th Century BC.
Dr Ashraf and Dr Ghani of Taxila Institute of Asia Civilization at Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad were invited by Pakistan High Commission to give an insight into the rich Buddhist heritage of Pakistan and Government of Pakistan effort in restoring the Buddhist sites all over Pakistan, says a press release received here today from Singapore.
Islamabad, May 5 ( ANI ): The historic archeological site of Taxila in Pakistan has been declared as one of the most endangered ones in Asia by the Global Heritage Fund, which promotes the preservation of historic architectural sites around the world.