bald cypress

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Related to Taxodium distichum: Taxodium ascendens, Metasequoia glyptostroboides

bald cypress,

common name for members of the Taxodiaceae, a small family of deciduous or evergreen conifers with needlelike or scalelike leaves and woody cones. Most species of the family are trees of East Asia; almost all are cultivated for ornament (and are often erroneously called firs or pines). The redwoods (see sequoiasequoia
, name for the redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) and for the big tree, or giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), both huge, coniferous evergreen trees of the bald cypress family, and for extinct related species.
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) and the bald cypresses are the only species native to North America. The bald cypresses (genus Taxodium) were widely distributed in the geologic past but are now restricted to the SE United States and Mexico. They are called "bald" because of their deciduous character, unusual in conifers. The common bald cypress (T. distichum) forms dense forests in the southeastern swamplands and is a common tree of the Everglades. It produces "knees" which project from the root system upward above water level to facilitate gas exchange. Because it is resistant to wood-rotting fungi, it is valued as softwood lumber for shingles, trim, and especially for greenhouse benches and racks. T. mucronatum, the big cypress or Mexican bald cypress, is a larger tree with a more western range. The true cypressescypress,
common name for members of the Cupressaceae, a widely distributed family of coniferous shrubs and trees, several yielding valuable timber. The major genera are Juniperus (juniper), Thuja (arborvitae), and Cupressus (the true cypresses).
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 belong to a separate family. The bald cypress family is classified in the division PinophytaPinophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called gymnosperms. The gymnosperms, a group that includes the pine, have stems, roots and leaves, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Pinopsida, order Coniferales.

Bald cypress

2. A deciduous softwood tree resistant to decay and often used in contact with the soil and for exposed elements such as wood shingles; also used for flooring and trim. See also: Wood
References in periodicals archive ?
For example the climate-only model failed for Taxodium distichum, whose distribution is mainly driven by elevation and permeability.
Putz and Sharitz (1991) attributed the low frequency of uprooting of Taxodium distichum in South Carolina forests during Hurricane Hugo to this species' relatively deep rooting.
Mississippi's new co-champion Taxodium distichum var.
Significant species collected from this study that are threatened, rare, or endangered are Taxodium distichum L.
The main species in North America is Taxodium distichum, but others of note include pond cypress, Taxodium ascendens, and Mexican or montezuma cypress, Taxodium mucronatum.
Cecidomyia lamellata Gagne, new species, is described from adults of both sexes, pupae, and larvae taken from resin in branchlet swellings of baldcypress, Taxodium distichum (L.
According to the IDNR list (1993), Taxodium distichum is listed as threatened in Indiana.
Taxodium distichum (baldcypress) and Nyssa aquatica (water tupelo) dominate the swamp habitat in LBSP, together accounting for 94% of total canopy importance.
The area has been modified by sugarcane cultivation in the 19th century (Penfound and Howard, 1940), logging of Taxodium distichum (L.
Dominant vegetation along the stream banks consists of Taxodium distichum (bald cypress), Nyssa aquatica (water tupelo), Betula nigra (river birch) and Quercus sp.
Taxodium distichum var, distichum, 1981 644 83 85 748 Mantezuma, Taxodium mucronatum, 1995 268 85 87 375 BARRETA Helietta parvifolia, 1989 18 34 25 58 BASSWOOD American, Tilio americana, 1993 292 78 100 395 Carolina, Tilia caroliniana, 1996 74 84 46 170 Singleleaf (typ.
Thompson (1980) described mesic terrace bottoms, mixed softwood levees, oak hardwood bottoms and shallow Taxodium distichum swamps from a floodplain forest in Missouri.