Tayama Katai

Tayama Katai

 

(pen name of Tayama Rokuya). Born Dec. 13, 1871, in Tatebayashi, Gumma Prefecture; died May 13, 1930. Japanese writer.

Tayama’s first works were romantic lyrics, published in the collection Lyric Poetry (1897). In the article “The Plain Picture” (1904), he established the principles of Japanese naturalism. His novella The Bed (1907) inaugurated the genre of autobiographical fiction (watakushi shosetsu) in Japanese literature. Tayama’s novels Life (1908), The Wife (1908), and Family Ties (1910) constituted a detailed description of the author’s inner world. Tayama’s best works are strongly realistic, for example, the novella The Village Teacher (1908). The short story “The Private” (1908; Russian translation, 1958) is antimilitarist. Tayama also wrote the historical novels The Miracle of a Certain Monk (1917) and Minamoto Yoshitomo (1924), which were influenced by religious ideology.

WORKS

Katai zenshu, vols. 1–16. Tokyo, 1936–37.

REFERENCES

Istoriia sovremennoi iaponskoi literatury. Moscow, 1961. (Translated from Japanese.)
Kobayashi Itiro. Tayama Katai. Tokyo, 1963.

K. REKHO

References in periodicals archive ?
Writers examined discussed include Tayama Katai, Horiuchi Shinsen, Natsume S<-o>seki, Kosugi Tengai, and Takahama Kyoshi.
In search of nature; the Japanese writer Tayama Katai (1872-1930).
Suzuki re-reads the works of important modern writers such as Tayama Katai, Shiga Naoya, Nagai Kafu, and Tanizaki Jun'ichiro in determining such major movements as genbunitchi beginning in the late 1880s, the effort to unite spoken and written languages, and the force of Christianity in influencing writers' view of the responsibility of self to society.
Although Taiyo^O treated various practical, intellectual, and aesthetic subjects, its literary editors Takayama Chogyu (1871-1902) and Hasegawa Tenkei (1876-1940) were especially instrumental in popularizing the literature of late Romanticism and naturalism, both from abroad and at home (in such fiction writers as the naturalists Tokuda Shusei, Tayama Katai, and Shimazaki To^Oson).
Novelist who, with Masamune Hakucho^O, Tayama Katai, and Shimazaki To^Oson, is one of the "four pillars" of Japanese naturalism.