Tayassu


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tayassu

 

(peccaries), a genus of nonruminant artiodactyl mammals of the family Suidae. Some zoologists classify the mammals into a separate family. The body length is 75–100 cm, the height is 44–57 cm, and the weight is 16–30 kg. Peccaries superficially resemble small pigs. However, they have a lighter build, thin legs, a short tail, a two-chambered stomach, two pairs of teats, and tridactyl hind legs. A gland on the back produces a musky secretion. There are two species: the collared peccary (T. tajacu) and the white-lipped peccary (T. albirostris). Peccaries are found in South and Central America, living in various habitats—from dry steppes to tropical rain forests. They live in small herds and feed on grasses, the roots and fruits of plants, and small animals. The females bear one or two young. Peccaries are hunted for their meat and fur.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The seroprevalence regarding to the studied species, Pecari tajacu samples presented 22% (11/50) of seropositivity (CI: 95%; 10.5-33.48), while Tayassu pecari herd did not presented antibodies.
Baquiro (Tayassu pecari) 4 2+ 2+ 2+ Venado de cola blanca (Odoco 3 1 + 1+ 1+ Zorro (Cerdocyon thous) 2 1 + 1+ 1+ Total 9 4 4 4 Mamiferos cinegeticos Hemoc.
guin = Guerlinguetus brasiliensis, maam=Mazama americana, eiba=Eira barbara, lepa = Leopardus pardalis, dano=Dasypus novemcinctus, dale=Dasyprocta leporina, nana = Nasua nasua, cupa = Cuniculus paca, tate = Tapirus terrestris, tape = Tayassu pecari, peta = Pecari tajacu, diau = Didelphis aurita, mago = Mazama gouazoubira, ceth = Cerdoncyon thous, euse = Euphractus sexcinctus, tamte = Tamandua tetradactyla, sybr = Sylvilagus brasiliensis, and puya=Puma yagouarundi.
The white-lipped peccary, Tayassu pecari, is considerably larger, weighing up to 85 pounds and typically forming into much larger packs, up to a hundred and more.
The effects of increasing levels of roughage on coefficients of nutrient digestibility in the collared peccary (Tayassu tajacu).
capybara Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris, collared peccary Tayassu tajacu and white-nosed coati (Sunquist & Sunquist 1989, Hass & Valenzuela 2002).
Although javelina (Tayassu tajacu), a species similar to pigs, are at the museum, sequences were 99% identical to pig (Sus scrofa) and only a 90% match with javelina.