Taylor, Telford

Taylor, Telford,

1908–98, U.S. government official and lawyer, b. Schenectady, N.Y. He is best known as the chief prosecutor (1946–49) at the war crimeswar crimes,
in international law, violations of the laws of war (see war, laws of). Those accused have been tried by their own military and civilian courts, by those of their enemy, and by expressly established international tribunals.
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 trials of Nazi leaders in Nuremburg, Germany. Educated at Williams College and Harvard Law School, Taylor held various government posts from 1933 until he entered the U.S. army in 1942. In 1945 he helped establish the rules for the Nuremburg trials. After 1949 he returned to private law practice in the United States, served in several temporary government posts, and after 1962 taught law at Columbia Univ. He was a noted opponent both of the 1950s investigations of Senator Joseph McCarthyMcCarthy, Joseph Raymond,
1908–57, U.S. senator from Wisconsin (1947–57), b. near Appleton, Wis. He practiced law in Wisconsin and became (1940) a circuit judge. He served with the U.S. marines in the Pacific in World War II, achieving the rank of captain.
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 and of U.S. conduct during the Vietnam WarVietnam War,
conflict in Southeast Asia, primarily fought in South Vietnam between government forces aided by the United States and guerrilla forces aided by North Vietnam. The war began soon after the Geneva Conference provisionally divided (1954) Vietnam at 17° N lat.
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Subs not used: Taylor, Telford, Williamson, Moore, Daly, Earps, Staniforth.