Taymyr Peninsula


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Taymyr Peninsula

or

Taimyr Peninsula

(both: tīmĭr`), northernmost projection of Siberia, N Krasnoyarsk Territory, N central Siberian Russia, between the estuaries of the Yenisei and Khatanga rivers and extending into the Arctic Ocean. Cape Chelyuskin at the tip of the peninsula is the northernmost point of the Asian mainland. The peninsula, covered mostly with tundra and drained by the Taymyra River, was formerly most of the Taymyr Autonomous Area, 332,857 sq mi (862,100 sq km); the region also included the islands between the Yenisei and Khatanga gulfs, the northern parts of the Central Siberian Plateau, and the Severnaya Zemlya archipelago. The capital was DudinkaDudinka
, city (1989 pop. 32,000), Krasnoyarsk Territory, N Siberian Russia, on the Yenisei River. It is the river port for the Norilsk mining area and is accessible to seagoing ships. It is connected by rail with Norilsk.
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. The economy of the area depends on mineral and oil extraction, fishing, and dairy and fur farming as well as such traditional activities as reindeer raising and trapping. Formed in 1930, the autonomous area was merged into Krasnoyarsk TerritoryKrasnoyarsk Territory,
administrative division (1989 pop. 3,595,000), c.928,000 sq mi (2,403,520 sq km), central Siberian Russia, extending from the Sayan Mts. and the Minusinsk basin in the south across the Siberian wooded steppe, taiga, and tundra to the Arctic Ocean.
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 in 2007; some residents have sought restoration of the autonomous area because of the remoteness of the area from the territory's capital.
References in periodicals archive ?
The tundra areas with the most continental climate are in the eastern part of the Taymyr Peninsula and spread east to the River Kolyma across the plains of the rivers Lena, Yana, and Indigirka.
It is found mainly on the islands in the Arctic Ocean, whereas on the mainland it is found only in a few small enclaves that are very local, for example in some areas in the north of the Yamal and Taymyr Peninsulas. The vegetation of the Arctic tundra is very poor and is often found as dispersed patches in the middle of bare ground.
For hierarchical analysis on a global scale, we assigned sampled populations of dunlins to five geographic regions corresponding to the phylogeographic divisions identified in the NJ tree, as follows: Alaska (northern Alaska, western Alaska); eastern Siberia (Anadyr); central Siberia (Lena River Delta, Taymyr Peninsula, Yamal Peninsula); Europe (Yamal Peninsula and Vaigach Island; northern Norway; Poland and Germany and Denmark; Sweden; southern Norway; Iceland and Greenland); Canada (Florida and Texas).
The Kolyma-Indigirka lowlands appeared to be the final marine staging area for birds before they traveled along inland routes (up to 70 km from the coast) and coastal routes across the lowlands, moving to more westerly summer areas that ranged from the Indigirka Delta to the Taymyr Peninsula (Fig.
Inland sites included those from the Indigirka River Delta west to the Taymyr Peninsula (a difference in distance of ~1700 km) and north to the New Siberian Islands (Fig.
Lake Taymyr is a large lake in the Taymyr peninsula, the most northerly area of Eurasia, with an ice-free period of about three months.
Nevertheless, from the mid-20th century onwards its range has been expanding rapidly owing to reintroduction programs carried out in Spitsbergen (1929), Alaska (1930), and the Taymyr Peninsula (1974).
The Nganasan, the third of the Samoyedic-speaking tundra peoples, occupy the central tundra of the Taymyr Peninsula and number about a thousand.
To the east of the Taymyr Peninsula, the human populations become even more diverse in terms of their origins and languages: The Evenki, Yakuts of Turkish origin, Yukaghir of Samoyed origin, Chukchi and Inuit, without including the mixed-race peoples, whose origins are relatively distinct, but whose cultural identity is consolidated, such as the Dolgan, Chuvases, Kolimchans or Kamchadales or Itelmen.
When asked whether reduced breeding success was caused mainly by weather or by predation, most field researchers in those areas answered "both"; only at one site, Pronchishcheva Lake on the Taymyr Peninsula, was predation clearly held responsible for breeding failure (Fig.
The two most distinctive features of the migration pattern along the Northeast Passage, as revealed in this study, are (a) the predominance and large-scale magnitude of migration in westerly (mainly 240-300 [degrees]) and easterly (mainly 60-150 [degrees]) directions and (b) the clearcut migratory divide between W migration, which dominates to the west of the Taymyr Peninsula, and E migration, which dominates to the east of Taymyr (cf.
The data were obtained at site 10 on the northeast Taymyr peninsula (76[degrees]12'N, 111[degrees]22'E), where the expedition stopped between 30 June and 2 July.