Teófilo Braga

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Braga, Teófilo


Born Feb. 24, 1843, in Ponta Delgada, the Azores Islands; died Jan. 24, 1924, in Lisbon. Portuguese political figure, writer, positivist philosopher, and historian.

Braga was one of the organizers of the republican movement. After the overthrow of the monarchy in Portugal, he became prime minister of the provisional republican government (from Oct. 5, 1910 to Aug. 24, 1911). From May to October 1915 he was the provisional president of the Portuguese Republic.

Braga’s works (more than 100 volumes) touch upon various aspects of Portuguese culture, including literature, history, ethnology, folklore, and philosophy. Imbued with sympathy for the masses, Braga’s works had a great influence on the formation of the opinions of the Portuguese democratic intelligentsia.


Historia universal. Lisbon, 1878.
Traços gerais de philosophia positiva. Lisbon, 1877.
Systema de sociologia. Lisbon, 1884.
Historia da literatura Portugueza, vols. 1–24. Porto, 1870–1901.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.